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Drainage Response to the Activity of the Langshan Range-Front Fault and Tectonic Implication

Shaopeng Dong*1, Peizhen Zhang*2,3, Huiping Zhang2, Wenjun Zheng3, Huixian Chen4
1. Key Laboratory of Active Tectonics and Volcano, Institute of Geology, China Earthquake Administration, Beijing 100029, China 2. State Key Laboratory of Earthquake Dynamics, Institute of Geology, China Earthquake Administration, Beijing 100029, China 3. School of Earth Science and Geological Engineering, Sun Yan-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China 4. Map Supervision Center of SBSM, Beijing 100830, China

 Langshan, a monoclinic mountain, which started to uplift since Oligocene, bounds the northwest margin of the Hetao basin. The continuous activity of the active normal Langshan Range-front fault forms the typical basin-and-range landform in Langshan area and controls the landform evolution of Langshan. Langshan is an ideal place to study relationship between quantitative geomorphological index and active deformation. According to study on knickpoints, fitting on longitudinal channel profiles and steepness index, we demonstrate the main controlling factor on distribution of normalized steepness index of channels are not climate (precipitation), lithology, sediment flux, but tectonic factor, or the activity of Langshan Range-front fault. The short channels in southeast flank, whose length are shorter than 16 km, may be still in the status of non-steady. If not considering these short channels, the distribution of normalized steepness index along the Langshan Range-front fault appears like M-shape pattern, while the normalized steepness index in middle section is higher than both ends. This pattern is well consistent with geometrical segmentation model of the Langshan Range-front fault. Combining previous active tectonic research on Langshan Range-front fault, which demonstrated the Langshan Range-front fault has been in the stage of linkup, we reasonably infer the Langshan Range-front fault now is the result of linkup of both fault which continuously bilaterally extended independently. Our tectonic geomorphological study also supports the conclusion that the Langshan Range-front fault has been in the stage of linkup. The formation of several knickpoints due to tectonic factor may be caused by slip-rate variation because of linkup of both independent faults. Based on cognition above, we also proposed the geological and geomorphological evolutionary model of the Langshan Range-front fault since Oligocene.

Keywords:Langshan range-front fault, Hetao basin, steepness index, Langshan, geomorphological evolutionary model

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