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Lacustrine Basin Fillsin an Early Cretaceous Half-graben, Jiuquan Basin, NW China: Controlling Factors and Implications for Source RockDepositional Process and Heterogeneity

Chengcheng Zhang1, 2,Hua Wang1, Si Chen1,Yuantao Liao1, Zongsheng Lu3,Jun Wei4
1. Key Laboratory of Tectonics and Petroleum Resources, Ministry of Education,China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China;2. Evaluation and Detection Technology Laboratory of Marine Mineral Resources, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao 266061, China;3. School of Earth Sciences, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China;4. PetroChina Yumen Oilfield Company, Yumen 735200, China

 ABSTRACT:Studies on basin fills have provided a lot of significant insights into reservoir distribution and prediction in petroliferous basins, however, the effect of basin fills on source rock properties have been underexplored. This paper documents basin filling characteristics and their implications for depositional processes and heterogeneity of source rock in the Qingnan Subsag of the Jiuquan Basin, by using subsurface geological data from recent hydrocarbon exploration efforts in this area. Drill core data reveals that the basin fill of the Qingnan Subsag was dominated by fan delta-lacustrine systems, in which deposition of the fan deltas along the basin margin was mainly through gravity flows.The temporal and spatial evolution of the depositional systems indicatesthat the basin fillwas characterized by a continuously retrogradational process, with decreasing extent of fan deltas invertical succession.Weakening of tectonic activities and climate change from humid to semi-arid are interpreted to be the main control factors that were responsible for the retrogradational basin fill.The different depositional environmentsin the early stage and late stage of the retrogradational basin filling history resulted in thedifferent depositional processes and properties of source rocks. This study suggests that source rock heterogeneity associated with basin fills in lacustrinebasins should be considered in hydrocarbon exploration.

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Keywords:Basin fills, source rock, depositional process, rift basin, Jiuquan Basin.

DOI:
10.1007/s12583-017-0953-z
CLC number:
U469.72
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