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Advances in Evaluation and Mitigation of Geohazards related to Unstable Slopes

Advances in Evaluation and Mitigation of Geohazards related to Unstable Slopes
A special Issue of “The Journal of Earth Science”

Guest Editors, Robert E. Criss1 and Changdong Li2

1 Washington University in St. Louis, USA
2 China University of Geosciences, Wuhan, China

In order to meet booming energy demands during rapid socio-economic development, dams and reservoirs have been recently built throughout the world. For example, more than 14,000 dams were constructed in China between 1973 and 2008. Reservoir impoundment and subsequent operations have created new geohazards or destabilized ancient ones, particularly in hydro-fluctuation zones, and have triggered notable catastrophes such as the Vajont landslide and Qianjiangping landslide. 
Three Gorges Reservoir is one of the most significant hydraulic engineering projects in the world because of its huge physical size and installed hydropower capacity. More than 4,000 geohazards have been identified in the TGR area including landslides, debris flows, collapsed reservoir banks, etc., causing serious threats to people and property. Decades of research have been dedicated to the study of geohazards in reservoir regions. The combined effects of rainfall and variations of reservoir water levels on geohazards can be a multiscale process, and many new theoretical, numerical, experimental, and stabilization methods have been developed to study, forecast, and mitigate the associated geohazards. 
This Special Issue provides a forum for researchers to present and discuss state of art theories and methods for the evaluation and mitigation of geohazards related to unstable slopes, including landslides, landslide dams, tunnels, dams and reservoirs from a multi-disciplinary perspective. Papers on topics related to the theme, “Advances in Evaluation and Mitigation of Geohazards related to Unstable Slopes”, such as those in the non-inclusive list below, are welcome.
  • Hydrological and hydrogeological processes in reservoir regions 
  • Water-induced deterioration of rock and soil masses
  • Evolution mechanism of geohazards
  • Advanced monitoring and early warning methods of geohazards
  • Unstable slopes due to construction and mining
  • Mitigation and control of geohazards
  • Big data and artificial intelligence techniques in geohazards.

Deadline for manuscript submission: December 1, 2019
Completion of first round review: February 15, 2020
Deadline for revised manuscripts: April 15, 2020
Completion of the review and revision process:  June 1, 2020
Possible date for publication: December 2020
Manuscripts should be submitted on-line at: https://mc03.manuscriptcentral.com/jes

Journal of Earth Science (ISSN 1674-487X, Online ISSN 1867-111X) is issued bimonthly through China University of Geosciences, and published by Springer. The bimonthly English journal strives to cover all branches of geology and related technology in the exploration and utilization of earth resources, namely, geology, petrology, mineralogy, ore deposit geology, tectonics, paleontology, stratigraphy, sedimentology, geochemistry, geophysics, environmental sciences, etc. Submissions of original articles in English from scientists both in China and around the World on relevant subjects are welcome. All articles are reviewed by two or more referees for scholarly presentation, technical merit, quality of scientific content, and utility of the results for practicing geologists. The Editorial Committee reserves the final decision concerning the acceptance of a paper.
Articles should discuss new theories, methods and discoveries, recent achievements in the geosciences, as well as timely reviews on selected subjects. Articles should contain original data and facts which support the conclusions. Manuscripts should conform to the guidelines in the instructions for authors.

The Journal of Earth Science has an SCI Index of 1.784 (2018), and is also abstracted/indexed in:Ceramic Abstracts-World Ceramic Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS), Composites Industry Abstracts, Computer and Information Systems Abstracts, Copper Data Center Database, Corrosion Abstracts, CSA Engineering Research Database, CSA High Technology Research Database with Aerospace, CSA Materials Research Database with METADEX, CSA Technology Research Database, CSA/ASCE Civil Engineering Abstracts, Earthquake Engineering Abstracts, Electronics and Communications Abstracts, Environmental Science and Pollution Management, Irrigation and Drainage Abstracts, Materials Business File-Steels Alerts, Mechanical and Transportation Engineering Abstracts, METADEX (Metals Abstracts), Petroleum Abstracts, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), SCOPUS, Soils and Fertilizers, Solid State and Superconductivity Abstracts, Water Resources Abstracts, Zoological Record.



GUIDE FOR AUTHORS
Manuscript preparation

All manuscripts should be submitted in Microsoft Word (DOC) through the Journal of Earth Science manuscript center: http://mc03.manuscriptcentral.com/jes


General
1. Papers on topics of all branches of geology and associated technology in the exploration and utilization of earth resources are welcomed. Papers may be from any geographic area in the world.
2. The text of manuscripts should be prepared in English, using Times New Roman.
3. Papers should be less than 8 000 words, and the abstract 200 words or less. The manuscript may contain up to 7 illustrations including both figures and tables. In special circumstances longer papers can be considered. 
4. Papers will be reviewed by at least two referees. Authors are asked to recommend reviewers as well as to identify potential reviewers with “conflicts of interest.”
5. Papers should be original and comprise previously unpublished data, interpretations or syntheses. Papers should contain original data that have not previously been submitted or published elsewhere either in part (no more than 30%) or full in any language.
6. For multi-authored papers, the submitting author will be identified as the Corresponding Author unless otherwise indicated. Submission of such papers is on the basis that the corresponding author has the agreement of all authors for submission and publication of the paper. Authors should note that some electronic databases utilize searches of paper titles only. Thus, titles as well as key words should be designed with this in mind.

7. Authors introduction and contact information should be add on the first page under the title and the authors. And the funding name and number should also be added.


Text
1. Manuscripts should be organized in following order: (1) Title; (2) Author (s), and affiliation(s) of author(s); (3) Abstract (no more than 200 words); (4) key words (3 to 8 key words); (5) Introduction; (6) Methods, techniques, studied material and area descriptions; (7) Results; (8) Discussion; (9) Conclusion; (10) Acknowledgments; (11) References cited; (12) Tables; (13) Figure captions and Explanation of plates. Figures should be uploaded separately.
2. Acknowledgments should follow in the main text and be headed ACKNOWLEDGMENT(S).
3. In the text, references should be cited by the year and the name(s) of the author(s) in brackets, from the newest to the oldest, if two literatures have the same year, they should be arranged in alphabetical order; if there are more than three authors, the name of the first author should be given, followed by “et al.”, if there are two authors, use “and” between the two names; such as “(Smith et al., 2012; Green and Jin, 2008; Kusky, 2000)”.
4. Tables should not be double spaced, but be single spaced. Units should be given once at the column heads and not throughout the table. 
5. Figure Captions should be placed in the text or after the References Cited. All illustrations must be called Figures, and should be referred as Figure 1 – if this is at the beginning of the sentence, and as Fig. 1, or Figs. 2 and 3 – if these are in the middle/end of the sentence.
6. SI units are recommended.
7. Variables, such as temperature (T), pressure (P), length (L), etc., should be italic type, for example, T, P, L, ….; vectors should be bold and italic.
8. Footnotes should not be used.
9. Authors are responsible for the accuracy of their data. Chemical analyses and any other analytical data should be given to the number of decimal places justified by the precision of the analytical methodology. Papers reporting stable isotope data should include values obtained typically for up to six NBS standards. Such data can be presently reported using either the standard SMOW and PDB or the newer VSMOW and VPDB formats. Papers reporting argon data should include the spectra and statistics of the regression analysis as a minimum, the full dataset may be lodged as an appendix for on-line accession.

10. Abbreviations for rock-forming minerals must be given according to Kretz, R., 1983, Symbols for rock forming minerals. American Mineralogist, 68: 277–279; supplemented by Bucher & Frey (Petrogenesis of Metamorphic Rocks, 7th edition, 2002, p. 335–336) is recommended for use. Abbreviations may be used in figures or as parts of a reaction and/or assemblage, however, in the text, the names of minerals should be given in full when it appears at the first time.


Illustrations
1. The maximum printed size of illustrations is c. 160 mm×235 mm (full page including the figure captions) or 80 mm×235 mm (column width including the figure captions), so the biggest width of the full page figures is better no more than 155 mm and 75 mm for the half page ones.
2. All maps should include a metric bar scale and an arrow to mark the direction. Separate parts of a single figure should be labeled (a), (b), (c), etc., and referred to as (a), (b), (c), etc., in the text and captions.

3. All artwork and photographic images should be supplied in electronic form (TIFF format, >300 dpi). Line drawings or labeled images should be provided in EPS format, and half-tones (photographic images) in TIFF format. All font should be “Times New Roman”, font size should be 8 pt, and Variables, such as temperature (T), pressure (P), length (L), etc., should be italic type, for example, T, P, L, ….; Please supply images as near as possible to the actual size that you expect they may be printed in the Journal. Pay careful attention to the guidelines given in respect of illustration sizes. The vector figures in Coraldraw or Adobe Illustrator can be provided for editing if it is possible.


References
All literature cited in the text should be arranged in alphabetical order at the end of the text under the heading REFERENCES CITED. If the reference is in any other language except English, such as in Chinese, a statement should be added like “(in Chinese with English Abstract)”. The following system should be used for arranging references. Periodical names should be given in full or abbreviated using the International List of Periodical Title Word Abbreviations.
Please do recheck the references cited in you MS one by one and revise them according to the JES style.
(1) For periodicals
Chough, S. K., Barg, E., 1987. Tectonic History of Ulleung Basin Margin, East Sea (Sea of Japan). Geology, 15(1): 45–58
(2) For books
Shrock, R. R., 1948. Sequence in Layered Rocks. McGraw-Hill, New York. 507
(3) For multi-author books
Sun, S. S., 1984. Geochemical Characteristics of Archean Ultramafic and Mafic Volcanic Rocks: Implication and Evolution. In: Kroner, A., Lansor, G. N., Goodwin, A. M., eds., Archean Geochemistry. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. 25–46
(4) For edited symposia, special issues, etc., published in a periodical
Fox, P. J., Ruddiman, W. F., Ryan, W. B. F., et al., 1971. The Geology of the Caribbean Crust, I. Beata Ridge. In: Heezen, B. C., Kosminskaya, I. P., eds., The Structure of the Crust and Mantle beneath Inland and Marginal Seas. Tectonophysics, 10: 495–513
(5) For dissertations
Zhang, W. L., 2006. The High Precise Cenozoic Magnetostratigraphy of the Qaidam Basin and Uplift of the Northern Tibetan Plateau: [Dissertation]. Lanzhou University, Lanzhou. 95–105 (in Chinese)

In addition, in referring to a personal communication the two words are followed by the year, e.g. “(MeNary, J., personal communication, 1968)”.


Mathematics
Authors must provide clear instructions about how they wish symbols to be set.
Variables, such as temperature (T), pressure (P), length (L), etc., should be italic type, for example, T, P, L, ….; vectors should be bold and italic.

Copyright Transfer Statement

Authors will be required to sign a Copyright Transfer Statement (CTS) for all papers accepted for publication. Signature of the CTS is a condition of publication and papers will not be passed to the publisher for production unless a signed form has been received. After submission authors will retain the right to publish their paper in various medium/circumstances (please see the form for further details). To assist authors an appropriate form will be supplied by the editorial office. 


 Please submit your completed papers via the system (https://mc03.manuscriptcentral.com/jes)


Review Process and Policy of Screening for Plagiarism

All manuscripts will be Crosschecked in order to guarantee that they are original, if the Crosscheck result above 15%, the article might be rejected. After the manuscript passed the Crosscheck, it will be proceed through double blind peer review.


Open Access Statement

Journal of Earth Science publishes fully open access journals, which means that all articles are available on the internet to all users immediately upon publication. Non-commercial use and distribution in any medium is permitted, provided the author and the journal are properly credited.


Benefits of open access for authors, include:
    Free access for all users worldwide
    Authors retain copyright to their work
    Increased visibility and readership
    Rapid publication
    No spatial constraints

Charging Statement   There are no charges for article processing or article submission.


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