Advanced Search

Indexed by SCI、CA、РЖ、PA、CSA、ZR、etc .

Volume 23 Issue 5
Oct 2012
Turn off MathJax
Article Contents
Caili Lü, Yongjian Yao, Yuehua Gong, Shiguo Wu, Xuejie Li. Deepwater Canyons Reworked by Bottom Currents: Sedimentary Evolution and Genetic Model. Journal of Earth Science, 2012, 23(5): 731-743. doi: 10.1007/s12583-012-0280-3
Citation: Caili Lü, Yongjian Yao, Yuehua Gong, Shiguo Wu, Xuejie Li. Deepwater Canyons Reworked by Bottom Currents: Sedimentary Evolution and Genetic Model. Journal of Earth Science, 2012, 23(5): 731-743. doi: 10.1007/s12583-012-0280-3

Deepwater Canyons Reworked by Bottom Currents: Sedimentary Evolution and Genetic Model

doi: 10.1007/s12583-012-0280-3

the CAS Knowledge Innovation Program of China KZCX2-YW-229

the National Natural Science Foundation of China 40930845

the National Natural Science Foundation of China 2009CB219505

More Information
  • Corresponding author: Yongjian Yao,
  • Received Date: 02 Apr 2011
  • Accepted Date: 15 Sep 2011
  • Publish Date: 01 Oct 2012
  • Based on multi-beam bathymetric data and 2D high-resolution, multi-channel seismic profiles, combing ODP1148 drilling data, the morphology, internal sedimentary architecture, and evolution pattern of 17 deepwater canyons from the Middle Miocene to present are documented in the northern Baiyun (白云) sag (BS), Pearl River Mouth basin (PRMB), and northern South China Sea (SCS). There exist six seismic architectural elements in these canyons, including basal erosive surfaces (BES), thalweg deposits (TD), lateral migration packages (LMP), mass transport deposits (MTD), canyon margin deposits (CMD), and drape deposits (DD). According to the stratigraphical ages and geometrical features of these canyons, their formation and evolution processes are divided into three stages: (1) Middle Miocene scouring-filling, (2) Late Miocene lateral migration, and (3) Pliocene-Quaternary vertical overlay. An auto-cyclic progressive process of eroding and filling by turbidity currents results in the scouring-filling and vertical overlay; bottom currents are responsible for the remarkable asym- metry between the two flanks of canyons; and faults are inherent dynamic forces triggering these can yons. It is inferred that these canyons are caused by the double effects of turbidity and bottom currents under the control of faults as inherent dynamic forces.


  • loading
  • Bao, X. W., Ju, X., Wu, D. X., 2009. Characteristics of Water Exchange across 120°E Secrion in the Luzon Strait. Periodical of Ocean University of China, 39(1): 1–6 (in Chinese with English Abstract)
    Bouma, A. H., Stelting, C. E., Coleman, J. M., 1984. Mississippi Fan: Internal Structure and Depositional Processes. Geo-Marine Letters, 3: 147–153 doi: 10.1007/BF02462460
    Damuth, J. E., Flood, R. D., 1985. Amazon Fan, Atlantic Ocean. In: Bouma, A. H., Normark, W. R., Barnes, N. E., eds., Submarine Fans and Related Turbidite Systems. Springer Verlag, New York. 97–106
    Dong, D. D., Wu, S. G., Zhang, G. C., et al., 2008. Rifting Process and Formation Mechanisms of Syn-Rift Stage Prolongation in the Deepwater Basin, Northern South China Sea. Chinese Science Bulletin, 53(23): 3715–3725 doi: 10.1007/s11434-008-0326-1
    Droz, L., Rigaut, F., Cochonat, P., et al., 1996. Morphology and Recent Evolution of the Zaire Turbidity Systems (Gulf of Guinea). Geological Society of American Bulletin, 108(3): 253–269 doi: 10.1130/0016-7606(1996)108<0253:MAREOT>2.3.CO;2
    Emmel, F. J., Curray, J. R., 1985. Bengal Fan, Indian Ocean. In: Bouma, A. H., Normark, W. R., Barnes, N. E., eds., Submarine Fans and Related Turbidite Systems. Springer Verlag, New York. 107–112
    Fang, G. H., Wang, Y. G., Wei, Z. X., et al., 2009. Interocean Circulation and Heat and Freshwater Budgets of the South China Sea Based on a Numerical Model. Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans, 47: 55–72 doi: 10.1016/j.dynatmoce.2008.09.003
    Heinio, P., Davies, R. J., 2007. Knickpoint Migration in Submarine Channels in Response to Fold Growth, Western Niger Delta. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 24: 434–449 doi: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2006.09.002
    Howe, J. A., 1996. Turbidite and Contourite Sediment Waves in the Northern Rockall Trough, North Atlantic Ocean. Sedimentology, 43(2): 219–234, doi: 10.1046/j.1365-3091.1996.d01-1.x
    Huang, C. J., Zhou, D., Sun, Z., et al., 2005. Deep Crustal Structure of Baiyun Sag, Northern South China Sea Revealed from Deep Seismic Reflection Profile. Chinese Science Bulletin, 50(11): 1131–1138, doi: 10.1360/04wd0207
    Kolla, V., Coumes, F., 1987. Morphology, Internal Structure, Seismic Stratigraphy, and Sedimentation of Indus Fan. AAPG Bulletin, 71: 650–677
    Kolla, V., Posamentier, H. W., Wood, L. J., 2007. Deep-Water and Fluvial Sinuous Channels—Characteristics, Similarities and Dissimilarities, and Modes of Formation. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 24: 388–405 doi: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2007.01.007
    Kuenen, P. H., Migliorini, C. I., 1950. Turbidity Currents as a Cause of Graded Bedding. Journal of Geology, 58(2): 97–127
    Li, B. H., Jian, Z. M., Li, Q. Y., et al., 2005. Paleoceanography of the South China Sea since the Middle Miocene: Evidence from Planktonic Foraminifera. Marine Micropaleontology, 54: 49–62 doi: 10.1016/j.marmicro.2004.09.003
    Li, Q. Y., Wang, P. X., Zhao, Q. H., et al., 2006. A 33 Ma Lithostratigraphic Record of Tectonic and Paleoceanographic Evolution of the South China Sea. Marine Geology, 230: 217–235 doi: 10.1016/j.margeo.2006.05.006
    Luan, X. W., Peng, X. C., Wang, Y. M., et al., 2010. Activity and Formation of Sand Waves on Northern South China Sea Shelf. Journal of Earth Science, 21(1): 55–70, doi: 10.1007/s12583-010-0005-4
    Pang, X., Chen, C. M., Shao, L., et al., 2007. Baiyun Movement: A Great Tectonic Event on the Oligocene-Miocene Boundary in the Northern South China Sea and Its Implications. Geological Review, 53(2): 145–152 (in Chinese with English Abstract)
    Pang, X., Yang, S. K., Zhu, M., et al., 2004. Deep-Water Fan Systems and Petroleum Resources on the Northern Slope of the South China Sea. Acta Geologica Sinica, 78(3): 626–631
    Peakall, J., Mccaffrey, B., Kneller, B., 2000. Perspectives: A Process Model for the Evolution, Morphology and Architecture of Sinuous Submarine Channels. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 70(3): 434–448, doi: 10.1306/D4268C20-2B26-11D7-8648000102C1865D
    Pirmez, C., Beaubouef, R. T., Friedmann, S. J., et al., 2000. Equilibrium Profile and Base Level in Submarine Channels: Examples from Late Pleistocene Systems and Implications for the Architecture of Deepwater Reservoirs. In: Weimer, P., Slatt, R. M., Coleman, J., et al., eds., Deepwater Reservoirs of the World. CSSEPM Foundation 20th Annual Research Conference (CD-Rom, GCSSEPM), Huston. 782-805
    Pirmez, C., Imran, J., 2003. Reconstruction of Turbidity Currents in Amazon Channel. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 20: 823–849 doi: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2003.03.005
    Prather, B. E., Booth, J. R., Steffens, G. S., et al., 1998. Classification, Lithologic Calibration and Stratigraphic Succession of Seismic Facies of Intraslope Basins, Deep-Water Gulf of Mexico. AAPG Bulletin, 82: 701–728
    Qu, T. D., 2002. Evidence for Water Exchange between the South China Sea and the Pacific Ocean through the Luzon Strait. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 21(2): 175–185
    Rasmussen, E. S., 1994. The Relationship between Submarine Canyon Fill and Sea-Level Change: An Example from Middle Miocene Offshore Gabon, West Africa. Sedimentary Geology, 90(1–2): 61–75
    Shao, L., Li, X. J., Geng, J. H., et al., 2007. Deep Water Bottom Current Deposition in the Northern South China Sea. Science in China (Series D), 50(7): 1060–1066 doi: 10.1007/s11430-007-0015-y
    Sun, L. T., Zhou, D., Chen, C. M., et al., 2008. Fault Structure and Evolution of Baiyun Sag in Pearl River Mouth Basin. Journal of Tropical Oceanography, 27(2): 25–31 (in Chinese)
    Tinterria, R., Dragob, M., Consonni, A., et al., 2003. Modelling Subaqueous Bipartite Sediment Gravity Flows on the Basis of Outcrop Constraints: First Results. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 20: 911–933 doi: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2003.03.003
    Viana, A. R., 2002. Seismic Expression of Shallow to Deep-Water Contourites along the South-Eastern Brazilian Margin. Marine Geophysical Researches, 22: 509–521
    Wang, P. X., Prell, W. L., Blum, P., et al., 2000. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Initial Reports South China Sea. College Station TX, 184: 18–20
    Weimer, P., Slatt, R. M., 2007. Introduction to the Petroleum Geology of Deepwater Settings. AAPG Bulletin, 57(8): 149–277
    Wynn, R. B., Cronin, B. T., Peakall, J., 2007. Sinuous Deep-Water Channels: Genesis, Geometry and Architecture. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 24: 341–387 doi: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2007.06.001
    Xie, X. N., Muller, R. D., Li, S. T., et al., 2006. Origin of Anomalous Subsidence along the Northern South China Sea Margin and Its Relationship to Dynamic Topography. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 23: 745–765 doi: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2006.03.004
    Yang, Q. X., Tian, J. W., Zhao, W., 2010. Observation of Luzon Strait Transport in Summer 2007. Deep-Sea Research I, 57: 670–676 doi: 10.1016/j.dsr.2010.02.004
    Yu, H. S., Chang, E. T. Y., 2009. Links among Slope Morphology, Canyon Types and Tectonics on Passive and Active Margins in the Northernmost South China Sea. Journal of Earth Science, 20(1): 77–84, doi: 10.1007/s12583-009-0008-1
    Yu, S. M., Mei, L. F., Shi, H. S., et al., 2007. Relationship between Faults and Hydrocarbon Accumulation in Panyu Low Massif and North Slope of Baiyun Sag, Pearl River Mouth Basin. Petroleum Exploration and Development, 34(5): 562–579 (in Chinese)
    Zhao, Q. H., 2005. Late Cainozoic Ostracod Faunas and Paleoenvironmental Changes at ODP Site 1148, South China Sea. Marine Micropaleontology, 54(1–2): 27–47
    Zhu, M. Z., Graham, S., Pang, X., et al., 2010. Characteristics of Migrating Submarine Canyons from the Middle Miocene to Present: Implications for Paleoceanographic Circulation, Northern South China Sea. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 27: 307–319 doi: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2009.05.005
  • 加载中


    通讯作者: 陈斌,
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索

    Figures(8)  / Tables(2)

    Article Metrics

    Article views(53580) PDF downloads(36) Cited by()
    Proportional views


    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint