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Volume 30 Issue 2
Apr 2019
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Article Contents
Haijun Song, Paul B. Wignall, Huyue Song, Xu Dai, Daoliang Chu. Seawater Temperature and Dissolved Oxygen over the Past 500 Million Years. Journal of Earth Science, 2019, 30(2): 236-243. doi: 10.1007/s12583-018-1002-2
Citation: Haijun Song, Paul B. Wignall, Huyue Song, Xu Dai, Daoliang Chu. Seawater Temperature and Dissolved Oxygen over the Past 500 Million Years. Journal of Earth Science, 2019, 30(2): 236-243. doi: 10.1007/s12583-018-1002-2

Seawater Temperature and Dissolved Oxygen over the Past 500 Million Years

doi: 10.1007/s12583-018-1002-2
Funds:

the State Key R & D Project of China 2016YFA0601100

the Biosphere Evolution, Transitions and Resilience Program (BETR) 

the National Natural Science Foundation of China 41821001

the National Natural Science Foundation of China 41661134047

the National Natural Science Foundation of China 41622207

the National Natural Science Foundation of China 41530104

the Natural Environment Research Council's Eco-PT Project NE/P01377224/1

a Marie Curie Fellowship H2020-MSCA-IF-2015-701652

the Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences XDB26000000

More Information
  • Corresponding author: Haijun Song
  • Received Date: 27 Mar 2018
  • Accepted Date: 30 Sep 2018
  • Publish Date: 01 Apr 2019
  • Ocean temperature and dissolved oxygen concentrations are critical factors that control ocean productivity, carbon and nutrient cycles, and marine habitat. However, the evolution of these two factors in the geologic past are still unclear. Here, we use a new oxygen isotope database to establish the sea surface temperature (SST) curve in the past 500 million years. The database is composed of 22 796 oxygen isotope values of phosphatic and calcareous fossils. The result shows two prolonged cooling events happened in the Late Paleozoic and Late Cenozoic, coinciding with two major ice ages indicated by continental glaciation data, and seven global warming events that happened in the Late Cambrian, Silurian- Devonian transition, Late Devonian, Early Triassic, Toarcian, Late Cretaceous, and Paleocene-Eocene transition. The SSTs during these warming periods are about 5-30¦ higher than the present-day level. Oxygen contents of shallow seawater are calculated from temperature, salinity, and atmospheric oxygen. The results show that major dissolved oxygen valleys of surface seawater coincide with global warming events and ocean anoxic events. We propose that the combined effect of temperature and dissolved oxygen account for the long-term evolution of global oceanic redox state during the Phanerozoic.

     

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