Numerical Method for Modeling the Constitutive Relationship of Sand under Different Stress Paths
- Received Date: 2005-03-01
- Rev Recd Date: 2005-03-01
- Publish Date: 2005-03-01
Abstract: A numerical method was used in order to establish the constitutive relationship of sands under different stress paths. Firstly, based on the numerical method modeling the constitutive law of sands, the elastoplastic constitutive relationship of sand was established for three paths: the constant proportion of principle stress path, the conventional triaxial compression (CTC) path, and the p=constant (TC) path. The yield lines of plastic volumetric strain and plastic generalized shear strain were given. Through visualization, the three dimensional surface of the stress~strain relationship in the whole stress field (p, q) obtained under the three paths was plotted. Also, by comparing the stress~strain surfaces and yield locus of the three stress paths, the differences were found to be obvious, which demonstrates that the influence of the stress paths on constitutive law was not neglected. The numerical modeling method overcame the difficulty of finding an analytical expression for plastic potential. The results simulated the experimental data with an accuracy of 90 % on average, so the constitutive model established in this paper provides an effective constitutive equation for this kind of engineering, reflecting the effect of practical stress paths that occur in sands.