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Volume 26 Issue 2
Apr 2015
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Yue Wang, Xunlian Wang, Ye Wang. Cambrian ichnofossils from the Zhoujieshan Formation (Quanji Group) overlying tillites in the northern margin of the Qaidam Basin, NW China. Journal of Earth Science, 2015, 26(2): 203-210. doi: 10.1007/s12583-015-0532-0
Citation: Yue Wang, Xunlian Wang, Ye Wang. Cambrian ichnofossils from the Zhoujieshan Formation (Quanji Group) overlying tillites in the northern margin of the Qaidam Basin, NW China. Journal of Earth Science, 2015, 26(2): 203-210. doi: 10.1007/s12583-015-0532-0

Cambrian ichnofossils from the Zhoujieshan Formation (Quanji Group) overlying tillites in the northern margin of the Qaidam Basin, NW China

doi: 10.1007/s12583-015-0532-0
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  • Corresponding author: Yue Wang, gzyuewang@126.com
  • Received Date: 20 Apr 2014
  • Accepted Date: 08 Jan 2015
  • Publish Date: 01 Apr 2015
  • The Quanji Group is composed of siliciclastics and carbonates and was deposited on a relatively stable block, in the northern margin of the Qaidam Basin, NW China. It is one of the research hotspots in the Qilian-Qinling-Kunlun tectonic zones. However, it has long been argued whether the upper Quanji Group should be assigned to the Precambrian or the Cambrian for lack of convincing fossil evidence. The discovery of ichnofossils, including Rusophycus, Cruziana, Dimorphichnus, Treptichnus, Skolithos, Arenicolites, Palaeophycus, and Helminthopsis, indicates that the upper member of the Zhoujieshan Formation (top Quanji Group) is Cambrian in age, and at least above the Treptichnus (Phycodes) pedum Biozone, the lowermost biozone in the Cambrian. The lower member of the Zhoujieshan Formation should belong to the Cambrian. During the time when the upper member of the Zhoujieshan Formation was deposited, the northern margin of the Qaidam Basin was dominated by the Cruziana Ichnofacies, characterizing a lower-energy shelf (shallow) sea environment with moderate-rich oxygen contents. In addition, the conglomerates in the Hongtiegou Formation of the Quanji Group underlying the Zhoujieshan Formation were generally regarded as tillites. However, the dolostones of the lower member of the Zhoujieshan Formation are, in lithology and geochemistry, different from the typical cap-dolostones of the Doushantuo Formation in South China, so it is necessary to further study the origins of the lower member of the Zhoujieshan Formation and the conglomerates of the Hongtiegou Formation.

     

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