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Volume 30 Issue 2
Apr 2019
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Article Contents
Junmeng Zhao, Shuze Chen, Gong Deng, Xuezhong Shao, Heng Zhang, Jamshed Aminov, Xinfa Chen, Zongjin Ma. Basement Structure and Properties of the Western Junggar Basin, China. Journal of Earth Science, 2019, 30(2): 223-235. doi: 10.1007/s12583-018-1207-4
Citation: Junmeng Zhao, Shuze Chen, Gong Deng, Xuezhong Shao, Heng Zhang, Jamshed Aminov, Xinfa Chen, Zongjin Ma. Basement Structure and Properties of the Western Junggar Basin, China. Journal of Earth Science, 2019, 30(2): 223-235. doi: 10.1007/s12583-018-1207-4

Basement Structure and Properties of the Western Junggar Basin, China

doi: 10.1007/s12583-018-1207-4
Funds:

the Detailed Lithospheric Structure and Deep Processes of the Tibetan Main Collision Zone 2016YFC0600301

the Major Program of the National Natural Science Foundation of China 41490611

the Joint Research Projects between the Pakistan Science Foundation and the National Natural Science Foundation of China 41661144026

More Information
  • Corresponding author: Junmeng Zhao
  • Received Date: 27 Dec 2018
  • Accepted Date: 06 Mar 2019
  • Publish Date: 01 Apr 2019
  • A comprehensive geophysical profile stretching from Qingyijing at the southern edge of the Junggar Basin to Ubara on the northern margin of the Junggar Basin was conducted in an attempt to probe the crustal structure of the western Junggar Basin (hereafter referred to simply as nthe Basino), and, in particular, the structure and property of the Basin's crystalline basement. A survey using seismically converted waves was conducted along this profile to determine the characteristics of the P- and Swave velocities typical of the crust and uppermost mantle. A joint inversion of gravitation and aeromagnetic data was also performed to acquire the density and magnetization intensity values found beneath the western Basin. This research revealed that the Basin is composed of the so-called Manasi terrain in the south, and the Wulungu terrain in the north. Their boundary is located along the WNW-trending Dishuiquan-Sangequan suture, linking the NE-striking Da'erbute suture (DS) in the west, and the WNWtrending Kalameili suture (KS) in the east. In its northern part, the Wulungu-type terrain has a doublelayered basement, of which the upper layer is a folded basement of Hercynian orogenic origin, and the lower layer is a crystalline basement of Middle-Upper Proterozoic age. The southern part of the Basin, i.e., the Manasi terrain, has a single-layered crystalline basement. The folded basement here is too thin to be clearly distinguished.

     

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