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Volume 30 Issue 6
Dec 2019
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Guidong Wei, Fanmei Kong, Hao Liu, Xiaoman Wang, Yancheng Zhang, Xiaohan Liu. Petrology, Metamorphic P-T Paths and Zircon U-Pb Ages for Paleoproterozoic Mafic Granulites from Xuanhua, North China Craton. Journal of Earth Science, 2019, 30(6): 1197-1214. doi: 10.1007/s12583-019-1251-8
Citation: Guidong Wei, Fanmei Kong, Hao Liu, Xiaoman Wang, Yancheng Zhang, Xiaohan Liu. Petrology, Metamorphic P-T Paths and Zircon U-Pb Ages for Paleoproterozoic Mafic Granulites from Xuanhua, North China Craton. Journal of Earth Science, 2019, 30(6): 1197-1214. doi: 10.1007/s12583-019-1251-8

Petrology, Metamorphic P-T Paths and Zircon U-Pb Ages for Paleoproterozoic Mafic Granulites from Xuanhua, North China Craton

doi: 10.1007/s12583-019-1251-8
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  • Corresponding author: Fanmei Kong
  • Received Date: 15 Jun 2019
  • Accepted Date: 20 Sep 2019
  • Publish Date: 01 Dec 2019
  • The studied mafic granulites are located at Xiwangshan, Xuanhua region in the north of the Trans-North China Orogen (TNCO), occurring as lens within tonalite-trondhjemite-granodiorite (TTG) gneisses in the eastern part of the Xiwangshan area. The rocks contain the representative granulite-facies minerals such as garnet, clinopyroxene, orthopyroxene, plagioclase, amphibolite, rutile and quartz, and also well-developed melt pseudomorph and antiperthite. Although the prograde metamorphic stage (M1) cannot be retrieved due to rare preservation of pre-peak-stage mineral associations, three distinct mineral assemblages that formed in different metamorphic stages can be identified, based on petrography and mineralogy characteristics. The peak stage (M2) is characterized by Grt2+Cpx2+Amp2+Pl2+Rt+melt pseudomorphs, and a post-peak decompression stage (M3) contains a mineral assemblage of Grt3+Opx3+ Cpx3+Amp3+Pl3, while a later-retrogression stage (M4) is featured by coronas of Amp4+Pl4 surrounding garnet. By calculating metamorphic P-T conditions using THERMOCALC, stage M2 was constrained to be 13.2-14.8 kbar and 1 050-1 080℃, and M3 recorded P-T conditions of 5.7-7.3 kbar and 825-875℃, while M4 yielded P of~5 kbar and T of~660℃, consistent with amphibolite facies metamorphism. Taking into account of all these petrological data, we propose that the mafic granulite experienced a high-pressure (HP) and ultra-high temperature (UHT) granulite-facies metamorphism during the peak metamorphism, which was accompanied with a clockwise P-T path. U-Pb dating of metamorphic zircons in the granulites yields two groups of ages at 1 853±14 and 1 744±44 Ma, respectively. We suggest that the older age corresponded to the HP-UHT metamorphism, while the younger age represented an retrograde metamorphic event during cooling.

     

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