Advanced Search

Indexed by SCI、CA、РЖ、PA、CSA、ZR、etc .

Volume 33 Issue 4
Aug 2022
Turn off MathJax
Article Contents
Yuanyuan Wang, Yanghui Zhao, Weiwei Ding, Penggao Fang, Jiabiao Li. Cenozoic Propagated Rifting in the Dangerous Grounds in Response to the Episodic Seafloor Spreading of the South China Sea. Journal of Earth Science, 2022, 33(4): 1031-1046. doi: 10.1007/s12583-020-1064-9
Citation: Yuanyuan Wang, Yanghui Zhao, Weiwei Ding, Penggao Fang, Jiabiao Li. Cenozoic Propagated Rifting in the Dangerous Grounds in Response to the Episodic Seafloor Spreading of the South China Sea. Journal of Earth Science, 2022, 33(4): 1031-1046. doi: 10.1007/s12583-020-1064-9

Cenozoic Propagated Rifting in the Dangerous Grounds in Response to the Episodic Seafloor Spreading of the South China Sea

doi: 10.1007/s12583-020-1064-9
More Information
  • Corresponding author: Jiabiao Li, jbli@sio.org.cn
  • Received Date: 27 May 2020
  • Accepted Date: 14 Jul 2020
  • Available Online: 06 Aug 2022
  • Issue Publish Date: 30 Aug 2022
  • The southern continental margin of the South China Sea has documented multiphase continental rifting corresponding to the propagation of seafloor spreading. Here we investigate three multi-channel seismic reflection profiles across different segments of the Dangerous Grounds with a NE-SW direction. Stratigraphic correlation reveals that the Cenozoic tectono-stratigraphic framework in the Dangerous Grounds is featured with diachronous rifting, which records the successive spreading of East Subbasin and Southwest Subbasin, South China Sea. By reconstructing the tectono-sedimentary evolution history in different segments, we combine the quantification of the brittle extension, tectonic subsidence, as well as the crustal thinning. Results provide evidence that the extensional stress migrated from northeast to southwest with the progressive propagation of the seafloor spreading in the oceanic basin. Besides, the impact of the tectonic propagation persists even after the cessation of seafloor spreading, evidenced by a longer stretching duration in the West-Dangerous Grounds than that in the eastern area. Moreover, a temporary syn-rift subsidence delay synchronously to the spreading of the adjacent oceanic basin is observed along the southern margin. This observation proves the secondary mantle convection during the seafloor spreading in the southern continental margin, which is related to the propagating rift.

     

  • loading
  • Barckhausen, U., Engels, M., Franke, D., et al., 2014. Evolution of the South China Sea: Revised Ages for Breakup and Seafloor Spreading. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 58: 599–611. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2014.02.022
    Barckhausen, U., Roeser, H., 2013. Seafloor Spreading Anomalies in the South China Sea Revisited. Geophysical Monograph, 149: 121–125. https://doi.org/10.1029/149gm07
    Benes, V., Scott, S. D., Binns, R. A., 1994. Tectonics of Rift Propagation into a Continental Margin: Western Woodlark Basin, Papua New Guinea. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 99(B3): 4439–4455. https://doi.org/10.1029/93jb02878
    Briais, A., Patriat, P., Tapponnier, P., 1993. Updated Interpretation of Magnetic Anomalies and Seafloor Spreading Stages in the South China Sea: Implications for the Tertiary Tectonics of Southeast Asia. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 98(B4): 6299–6328. https://doi.org/10.1029/92JB02280
    Bulois, C., Pubellier, M., Chamot-Rooke, N., et al., 2018. Successive Rifting Events in Marginal Basins: The Example of the Coral Sea Region (Papua New Guinea). Tectonics, 37(1): 3–29. https://doi.org/10.1002/2017tc004783
    Chang, J. H., Hsu, H. H., Liu, C. S., et al., 2017a. Seismic Sequence Stratigraphic Analysis of the Carbonate Platform, North Offshore Taiping Island, Dangerous Grounds, South China Sea. Tectonophysics, 702: 70–81. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2015.12.010
    Chang, J. H., Hsieh, H. H., Mirza, A., et al., 2017b. Crustal Structure North of the Taiping Island (Itu Aba Island), Southern Margin of the South China Sea. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 142: 119–133. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2016.08.005
    Clift, P., Lee, G. H., Anh Duc, N., et al., 2008. Seismic Reflection Evidence for a Dangerous Grounds Miniplate: No Extrusion Origin for the South China Sea. Tectonics, 27(3): TC3008. https://doi.org/10.1029/2007tc002216
    Courtillot, V., 1982. Propagating Rifts and Continental Breakup. Tectonics, 1: 239–250
    Cullen, A. B., 2010. Transverse Segmentation of the Baram-Balabac Basin, NW Borneo: Refining the Model of Borneo's Tectonic Evolution. Petroleum Geoscience, 16(1): 3–29. https://doi.org/10.1144/1354-079309-828
    Daesslé, L. W., Cronan, D. S., Marchig, V., et al., 2000. Hydrothermal Sedimentation Adjacent to the Propagating Valu Fa Ridge, Lau Basin, SW Pacific. Marine Geology, 162(2/3/4): 479–500. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0025-3227(99)00065-1
    Ding, W. W, 2021. Continental Margin Dynamics of South China Sea: From Continental Break-up to Seafloor Spreading. Earth Science, 46(3): 790–800. https://doi.org/10.3799/dqkx.2020.303 (in Chinese with English Abstract)
    Ding, W. W., Franke, D., Li, J. B., et al., 2013. Seismic Stratigraphy and Tectonic Structure from a Composite Multi-Channel Seismic Profile across the Entire Dangerous Grounds, South China Sea. Tectonophysics, 582: 162–176. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2012.09.026
    Ding, W. W., Li, J. B., Clift, P. D., et al., 2016. Spreading Dynamics and Sedimentary Process of the Southwest Sub-Basin, South China Sea: Constraints from Multi-Channel Seismic Data and IODP Expedition 349. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 115: 97–113. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2015.09.013
    Ding, W. W., Li, J. B., Dong, C. Z., et al., 2014. Carbonate Platforms in the Reed Bank Area, South China Sea: Seismic Characteristics, Development and Controlling Factors. Energy Exploration & Exploitation, 32(1): 243–261. https://doi.org/10.1260/0144-5987. 32.1.243 doi: 10.1260/0144-5987.32.1.243
    Ding, W. W., Sun, Z., Dadd, K., et al., 2018. Structures within the Oceanic Crust of the Central South China Sea Basin and Their Implications for Oceanic Accretionary Processes. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 488: 115–125. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2018.02.011
    Ding, W. W., Sun, Z., Mohn, G., et al., 2020. Lateral Evolution of the Rift-to-Drift Transition in the South China Sea: Evidence from Multi-Channel Seismic Data and IODP Expeditions 367 & 368 Drilling Results. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 531: 115932. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2019.115932
    Falvey, D. A., 1974. The Development of Continental Margins in Plate Tectonic Theory. The APPEA Journal, 14(1): 95. https://doi.org/10.1071/aj73012
    Fang, P. G., Ding, W. W., Fang, Y. X., et al., 2017. Cenozoic Tectonic Subsidence in the Southern Continental Margin, South China Sea. Frontiers of Earth Science, 11(2): 427–441. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11707-016-0594-z
    Franke, D., Barckhausen, U., Baristeas, N., et al., 2011. The Continent-Ocean Transition at the Southeastern Margin of the South China Sea. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 28(6): 1187–1204. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2011.01.004
    Franke, D., Savva, D., Pubellier, M., et al., 2014. The Final Rifting Evolution in the South China Sea. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 58: 704–720. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2013.11.020
    Galindo-Zaldívar, J., Bohoyo, F., Maldonado, A., et al., 2006. Propagating Rift during the Opening of a Small Oceanic Basin: The Protector Basin (Scotia Arc, Antarctica). Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 241(3/4): 398–412. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2005.11.056
    Gozzard, S., Kusznir, N., Franke, D., et al., 2019. South China Sea Crustal Thickness and Oceanic Lithosphere Distribution from Satellite Gravity Inversion. Petroleum Geoscience, 25(1): 112–128. https://doi.org/10.1144/petgeo2016-162
    Hall, R., 2002. Cenozoic Geological and Plate Tectonic Evolution of SE Asia and the SW Pacific: Computer-Based Reconstructions, Model and Animations. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 20(4): 353–431. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1367-9120(01)00069-4
    Haq, B. U., Hardenbol, J., Vail, P. R., 1987. Chronology of Fluctuating Sea Levels since the Triassic. Science, 235(4793): 1156–1167. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.235.4793.1156
    Hayes, D. E., Nissen, S. S., 2005. The South China Sea Margins: Implications for Rifting Contrasts. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 237(3/4): 601–616. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2005.06.017
    Huchon, P., Nguyen, T. N. H., Chamot-Rooke, N., 2001. Propagation of Continental Break-up in the Southwestern South China Sea. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 187(1): 31–50. https://doi.org/10.1144/gsl.sp.2001.187.01.03
    Hutchison, C. S., 2004. Marginal Basin Evolution: The Southern South China Sea. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 21(9): 1129–1148. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2004.07.002
    Hutchison, C. S., Bergman, S. C., Swauger, D. A., et al., 2000. A Miocene Collisional Belt in North Borneo: Uplift Mechanism and Isostatic Adjustment Quantified by Thermochronology. Journal of the Geological Society, 157(4): 783–793. https://doi.org/10.1144/jgs.157.4.783
    Hutchison, C. S., Vijayan, V. R., 2010. What are the Spratly Islands? Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 39(5): 371–385. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2010.04.013
    Jamaludin, S. N. F., Pubellier, M., Menier, D., 2018. Structural Restoration of Carbonate Platform in the Southern Part of Central Luconia, Malaysia. Journal of Earth Science, 29(1): 155–168. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12583-017-0812-y
    Korenaga, J., Hey, R. N., 1996. Recent Dueling Propagation History at the Fastest Spreading Center, the East Pacific Rise, 26°-32°S. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 101(B8): 18023–18041. https://doi.org/10.1029/96jb00176
    Kudrass, H. R., Wiedicke, M., Cepek, P., et al., 1986. Mesozoic and Cainozoic Rocks Dredged from the South China Sea (Reed Bank Area) and Sulu Sea and Their Significance for Plate-Tectonic Reconstructions. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 3(1): 19–30. https://doi.org/10.1016/0264-8172(86)90053-x
    Kusznir, N. J., Karner, G. D., 2007. Continental Lithospheric Thinning and Breakup in Response to Upwelling Divergent Mantle Flow: Application to the Woodlark, Newfoundland and Iberia Margins. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 282(1): 389–419. https://doi.org/10.1144/sp282.16
    LaFemina, P. C., Dixon, T. H., Malservisi, R., et al., 2005. Geodetic GPS Measurements in South Iceland: Strain Accumulation and Partitioning in a Propagating Ridge System. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 110(B11): B11405. https://doi.org/10.1029/2005jb003675
    Larsen, H. C., Mohn, G., Nirrengarten, M., et al., 2018. Rapid Transition from Continental Breakup to Igneous Oceanic Crust in the South China Sea. Nature Geoscience, 11(10): 782–789. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41561-018-0198-1
    le Pourhiet, L., Chamot-Rooke, N., Delescluse, M., et al., 2018. Continental Break-up of the South China Sea Stalled by Far-Field Compression. Nature Geoscience, 11(8): 605–609. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41561-018-0178-5
    Leyla, B. H., Zhang, J. X., Yang, L. L., 2018. Quantitative Analysis of Faults in Huizhou Sub-Basin, Pearl River Mouth Basin. Journal of Earth Science, 29(1): 169–181. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12583-018-0823-3
    Li, C. F., Lin, J., Kulhanek, D. K., et al., 2015. South China Sea Tectonics. International Ocean Discovery Program, College Station, Texas. https://doi.org/10.14379/iodp.proc.349.2015
    Li, C. F., Xu, X., Lin, J., et al., 2014. Ages and Magnetic Structures of the South China Sea Constrained by Deep Tow Magnetic Surveys and IODP Expedition 349. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 15(12): 4958–4983. https://doi.org/10.1002/2014GC005567
    Li, J. B., Ding, W. W., Wu, Z. Y., et al., 2012. The Propagation of Seafloor Spreading in the Southwestern Subbasin, South China Sea. Chinese Science Bulletin, 57(24): 3182–3191. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11434-012-5329-2
    Li, L., Clift, P. D., Nguyen, H. T., 2013. The Sedimentary, Magmatic and Tectonic Evolution of the Southwestern South China Sea Revealed by Seismic Stratigraphic Analysis. Marine Geophysical Research, 34(3/4): 341–365. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11001-013-9171-y
    Li, L., Clift, P. D., Stephenson, R., et al., 2014. Non-Uniform Hyper-Extension in Advance of Seafloor Spreading on the Vietnam Continental Margin and the SW South China Sea. Basin Research, 26(1): 106–134. https://doi.org/10.1111/bre.12045
    Liu, H. L., Yan, P., Zhang, B. Y., et al., 2004. Role of the Wan-Na Fault System in the Western Nansha Islands (Southern South China Sea). Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 23(2): 221–233. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1367-9120(03)00121-4
    Manighetti, I., Tapponnier, P., Courtillot, V., et al., 1997. Propagation of Rifting along the Arabia-Somalia Plate Boundary: The Gulfs of Aden and Tadjoura. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 102(B2): 2681–2710. https://doi.org/10.1029/96JB01185
    McKenzie, D., 1978. Some Remarks on the Development of Sedimentary Basins. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 40(1): 25–32. https://doi.org/10.1016/0012-821x(78)90071-7
    Morley, C. K., 2016. Major Unconformities/Termination of Extension Events and Associated Surfaces in the South China Seas: Review and Implications for Tectonic Development. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 120: 62–86. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2016.01.013
    Peng, X., Shen, C. B., Mei, L. F., et al., 2019. Rift-Drift Transition in the Dangerous Grounds, South China Sea. Marine Geophysical Research, 40(2): 163–183. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11001-018-9353-8
    Péron-Pinvidic, G., Manatschal, G., 2009. The Final Rifting Evolution at Deep Magma-Poor Passive Margins from Iberia-Newfoundland: A New Point of View. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 98(7): 1581–1597. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00531-008-0337-9
    Pichot, T., Delescluse, M., Chamot-Rooke, N., et al., 2014. Deep Crustal Structure of the Conjugate Margins of the SW South China Sea from Wide-Angle Refraction Seismic Data. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 58: 627–643. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2013.10.008
    Qiu, X., Zhao, M., Ao, W., et al., 2011. OBS Survey and Crustal Structure of the SW Sub-Basin and Nansha Block, South China Sea. Chinese Journal of Geophysics, 54(12): 3117–3128. https://doi.org/10.1002/cjg2.1680 (in Chinese with English Abstract)
    Reston, T. J., 2009. The Extension Discrepancy and Syn-Rift Subsidence Deficit at Rifted Margins. Petroleum Geoscience, 15(3): 217–237. https://doi.org/10.1144/1354-079309-845
    Roberts, A. M., Kusznir, N. J., Corfield, R. I., et al., 2013. Integrated Tectonic Basin Modelling as an Aid to Understanding Deep-Water Rifted Continental Margin Structure and Location. Petroleum Geoscience, 19(1): 65–88. https://doi.org/10.1144/petgeo2011-046
    Ruan, A. G., Niu, X. W., Qiu, X. L., et al., 2011. A Wide Angle Ocean Bottom Seismometer Profile across Liyue Bank, the Southern Margin of South China Sea. Chinese Journal of Geophysics, 54(12): 3139–3149 (in Chinese with English Abstract)
    Savva, D., Pubellier, M., Franke, D., et al., 2014. Different Expressions of Rifting on the South China Sea Margins. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 58: 579–598. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2014.05.023
    Schlüter, H. U., Hinz, K., Block, M., 1996. Tectono-Stratigraphic Terranes and Detachment Faulting of the South China Sea and Sulu Sea. Marine Geology, 130(1/2): 39–78. https://doi.org/10.1016/0025-3227(95)00137-9
    Shi, H. S., Li, C. F., 2012. Mesozoic and Early Cenozoic Tectonic Convergence-to-Rifting Transition Prior to Opening of the South China Sea. International Geology Review, 54(15): 1801–1828. https://doi.org/10.1080/00206814.2012.677136
    Shipboard Scientific Party, 2000. Leg 184 Summary: Exploring the Asian Monsoon through Drilling in the South China Sea. In: Wang, P., Prell, W., Blum, P., eds., Proc. ODP, Initial results. IODP, College Station, Texas. 1–77
    Song, T. R., Li, C. F., 2015. Rifting to Drifting Transition of the Southwest Subbasin of the South China Sea. Marine Geophysical Research, 36(2/3): 167–185. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11001-015-9253-0
    Steckler, M. S., Watts, A. B., 1978. Subsidence of the Atlantic-Type Continental Margin off New York. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 41(1): 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1016/0012-821x(78)90036-5
    Steuer, S., Franke, D., Meresse, F., et al., 2013. Time Constraints on the Evolution of Southern Palawan Island, Philippines from Onshore and Offshore Correlation of Miocene Limestones. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 76: 412–427. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2013.01.007
    Steuer, S., Franke, D., Meresse, F., et al., 2014. Oligocene–Miocene Carbonates and Their Role for Constraining the Rifting and Collision History of the Dangerous Grounds, South China Sea. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 58: 644–657. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2013.12.010
    Sun, Z., Ding, W. W., Zhao, X. X., et al., 2019. The Latest Spreading Periods of the South China Sea: New Constraints from Macrostructure Analysis of IODP Expedition 349 Cores and Geophysical Data. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 124(10): 9980–9998. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019jb017584
    Sun, Z., Jian, Z., Stock, J. M., et al, 2018. South China Sea Rifted Margin. International Ocean Discovery Program, College Station, Texas
    Sun, Z., Li, F. C., Lin, J., et al., 2021. The Rifting-Breakup Process of the Passive Continental Margin and Its Relationship with Magmatism: The Attribution of the South China Sea. Earth Science, 46(3): 770–789. https://doi.org/10.3799/dqkx.2020.371 (in Chinese with English Abstract)
    Sun, Z., Zhao, Z. X., Li, J. B., et al., 2011. Tectonic Analysis of the Breakup and Collision Unconformities in the Nansha. Chinese Journal of Geophysics, 54(12): 3196–3209. https://doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.0001-5733.2011.12.019 (in Chinese with English Abstract)
    Sun, Z., Zhong, Z. H., Keep, M., et al., 2009. 3D Analogue Modeling of the South China Sea: A Discussion on Breakup Pattern. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 34(4): 544–556. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2008.09.002
    Sutra, E., Manatschal, G., Mohn, G., et al., 2013. Quantification and Restoration of Extensional Deformation along the Western Iberia and Newfoundland Rifted Margins. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 14(8): 2575–2597. https://doi.org/10.1002/ggge.20135
    Taylor, B., Hayes, D., 1983. Origin and History of the South China Sea Basin. Washington DC American Geophysical Union Geophysical Monograph Series, 27: 23–56. https://doi.org/10.1029/gm027p0023
    Taylor, B., Zellmer, K., Martinez, F., et al., 1996. Sea-Floor Spreading in the Lau Back-Arc Basin. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 144(1/2): 35–40. https://doi.org/10.1016/0012-821X(96)00148-3
    Tong, D. J., Ren, J. Y., Liao, Y. T., et al., 2019. Cenozoic Tectonic Events and Their Implications for Constraining the Structure and Stratigraphic Styles from Rifting to Collision at the Southeastern Margin of the South China Sea. Marine Geophysical Research, 40(2): 145–161. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11001-018-09376-0
    Watts, A. B., Ryan, W. B. F., 1976. Flexure of the Lithosphere and Continental Margin Basins. Tectonophysics, 36(1/2/3): 25–44. https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-1951(76)90004-4
    Wei, D., Jia, L. Q., 2011. Seismic Stratigraphy, Tectonic Structure and Extension Factors across the Southern Margin of the South China Sea: Evidence from Two Regional Multi-Channel Seismic Profiles. Chinese Journal of Geophysics, 54 (12): 3038–3056 (in Chinese with English Abstract)
    Williams, H. H., 1997. Play Concepts-Northwest Palawan, Philippines. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 15(2/3): 251–273. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0743-9547(97)00011-1
    Xie, H., Zhou, D., Li, Y. P., et al., 2014. Cenozoic Tectonic Subsidence in Deepwater Sags in the Pearl River Mouth Basin, Northern South China Sea. Tectonophysics, 615/616: 182–198. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2014.01.010
    Xiong, L. J., Li, S. Z., Suo, Y. H., et al., 2012. Cenozoic Basin-Controlling Faults and Their Bearing on Basin Groups Formation in the Southern South China Sea. Marine Geology & Quaternary Geology, 32(6): 113–127. https://doi.org/10.3724/sp.j.1140.2012.06113 (in Chinese with English Abstract)
    Yan, P., Liu, H. L., 2004. Tectonic-Stratigraphic Division and Blind Fold Structures in Nansha Waters, South China Sea. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 24(3): 337–348. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2003.12.005
    Yan, P., Zhou, D., Liu, Z. S., 2001. A Crustal Structure Profile across the Northern Continental Margin of the South China Sea. Tectonophysics, 338(1): 1–21. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0040-1951(01)00062-2
    Yao, Y. J., Liu, H. L., Yang, C. P., et al., 2012. Characteristics and Evolution of Cenozoic Sediments in the Liyue Basin, SE South China Sea. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 60: 114–129. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2012.08.003
    Yumul, G. P. Jr., Dimalanta, C. B., Tamayo, R. A. Jr., et al., 2003. Collision, Subduction and Accretion Events in the Philippines: a Synthesis. Island Arc, 12(2): 77–91. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1440-1738.2003.00382.x
    Zhang, Y. X., Xia, S. H., Cao, J. H., et al., 2020. Extensional Tectonics and Post-Rift Magmatism in the Southern South China Sea: New Constraints from Multi-Channel Seismic Data. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 117: 104396. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpetgeo. 2020.104396 doi: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2020.104396
    Zhao, Y. H., Ren, J. Y., Pang, X., et al., 2018. Structural Style, Formation of Low Angle Normal Fault and Its Controls on the Evolution of Baiyun Rift, Northern Margin of the South China Sea. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 89: 687–700. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2017.11.001
    Zhao, Z. X., Sun, Z., Chen, G. H., et al., 2011. Cenozoic Structural Characteristics and Subsidence Evolution in Nansha. Earth Science, 36(5): 815–822. https://doi.org/10.3799/dqkx.2011.084 (in Chinese with English Abstract)
    Zheng, Q. L., Li, S. Z., Suo, Y. H., et al., 2016. Structures around the Tinjar-West Baram Line in Northern Kalimantan and Seafloor Spreading in the Proto-South China Sea. Geological Journal, 51: 513–523. https://doi.org/10.1002/gj.2806
    Zhou, D., Wu, S. M., Chen, H. Z., 2005. Some Remarks on the Tectonic Evolution of Nansha and Its Adjacent Regions in Southern South China Sea. Geotectonica et Metallogenia, 29(3): 339–345. https://doi.org/10.16539/j.ddgzyckx.2005.03.008 (in Chinese with English Abstract)
    Zhou, Z. C., Mei, L. F., Shi, H. S., et al., 2019. Evolution of Low-Angle Normal Faults in the Enping Sag, the Northern South China Sea: Lateral Growth and Vertical Rotation. Journal of Earth Science, 30(6): 1326–1340. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12583-019-0899-4
    Zhu, J. J., Qiu, X. L., Kopp, H., et al., 2012. Shallow Anatomy of a Continent-Ocean Transition Zone in the Northern South China Sea from Multichannel Seismic Data. Tectonophysics, 554/555/556/557: 18–29. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2012.05.027
  • 加载中

Catalog

    通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索

    Figures(9)  / Tables(3)

    Article Metrics

    Article views(1) PDF downloads(2) Cited by()
    Proportional views
    Related

    /

    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint
    Return
    Return