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Volume 31 Issue 4
Aug 2020
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Zhiguang Zhou, Jiangwei Wu, Yi Niu, Guosheng Wang, Chen Wu, Changfeng Liu, Juncheng Ju. Geochemistry of the Mesoproterozoic Intrusions, Geochronology and Isotopic Constraints on the Xiaonanshan Cu-Ni Deposit along the Northern Margin of the North China Craton. Journal of Earth Science, 2020, 31(4): 653-667. doi: 10.1007/s12583-020-1296-8
Citation: Zhiguang Zhou, Jiangwei Wu, Yi Niu, Guosheng Wang, Chen Wu, Changfeng Liu, Juncheng Ju. Geochemistry of the Mesoproterozoic Intrusions, Geochronology and Isotopic Constraints on the Xiaonanshan Cu-Ni Deposit along the Northern Margin of the North China Craton. Journal of Earth Science, 2020, 31(4): 653-667. doi: 10.1007/s12583-020-1296-8

Geochemistry of the Mesoproterozoic Intrusions, Geochronology and Isotopic Constraints on the Xiaonanshan Cu-Ni Deposit along the Northern Margin of the North China Craton

doi: 10.1007/s12583-020-1296-8
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  • Corresponding author: Zhiguang Zhou, ORCID:0000-0001-6191-8112, zhouzhg@cugb.edu.cn
  • Received Date: 29 Nov 2019
  • Accepted Date: 15 Feb 2020
  • Publish Date: 24 Aug 2020
  • Mesoproterozoic magma events in the Bayan Obo rift belt have remained poorly constrained and as a result, the Late Paleoproterozoic-Mesoproterozoic tectonic evolution of the rift belt has remained unclear. By a multiple-facetted regional geological investigation of this belt, we have resolved the stratigraphic sequence and geochronology of the Bayan Obo Group and made new discoveries including a three-stage mantle-derived magmatic sequence. Zircon and baddeleyite dating of Xiaonanshan hornblende pyroxenite emplaced into the Bayan Obo Group yields 207Pb/206Pb ages of ca. 1.34 and 1.33 Ga. The geochronological, geochemistry, Hf isotopic analyses place an important constraint on ages of the Late Paleoproterozoic-Mesoproterozoic strata and the evolution of the rift belt. Our field observations and U-Pb dating results suggest that mineralization is genetically related to Mesoproterozoic magmatism in North China Craton, i.e., 1.33-1.34 Ga. The δ34SV-CDT values of sulphide from the ore-bearing ultra-/mafic samples are about 6.2‰, whereas the 206Pb/204Pb, 207Pb/204Pb, and 208Pb/204Pb values vary in the ranges of 17.598-18.115, 15.496-15.501, and 37.478-37.952, respectively. The Late Paleozoic mafic gabbro and acidic granite porphyry intrusions are possible to bimodal magmatic event related to the extensional tectonic setting of the Central Asia in this period.

     

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