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Volume 31 Issue 4
Aug 2020
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Article Contents
Rui Liu, Teng Ma, Wenkai Qiu, Ziqi Peng, Chenxuan Shi. The Environmental Functions and Ecological Effects of Organic Carbon in Silt. Journal of Earth Science, 2020, 31(4): 834-844. doi: 10.1007/s12583-020-1349-z
Citation: Rui Liu, Teng Ma, Wenkai Qiu, Ziqi Peng, Chenxuan Shi. The Environmental Functions and Ecological Effects of Organic Carbon in Silt. Journal of Earth Science, 2020, 31(4): 834-844. doi: 10.1007/s12583-020-1349-z

The Environmental Functions and Ecological Effects of Organic Carbon in Silt

doi: 10.1007/s12583-020-1349-z
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  • Corresponding author: Teng Ma, ORCID:0000-0003-2827-9579.E-mail:mateng@cug.edu.cn
  • Received Date: 03 Apr 2020
  • Accepted Date: 15 May 2020
  • Publish Date: 24 Aug 2020
  • Silt is a kind of unconsolidated sediment consisting of fine particles; silt is generally deposited across wide areas on the surfaces of drainages and in oceans under static or slow-hydrodynamic conditions. The organic carbon (OC) in silt has multiple essential environmental functions. This paper elaborates the morphological and environmental indication functions of OC in silt, and the effect of its own migration and transformation on environmental deterioration. Organic carbon exists in silt in two forms, free and mineral-binding. Meanwhile, based on its formation and structure, OC can be divided into light and heavy fraction of OC. Environmental information including data related to paleoclimates, ancient levels of productivity level, and variations in regional organism abundance can be discovered from total organic carbon, the C/N ratio, and OC isotope content. Degradation of OC is believed to participate in the emission of greenhouse gases, release of heavy metals and other contaminants. Finally, from the view of silt deposition, the possible influence of complex water-rock interaction in which OC is involved during the evolution of silt to a clayey aquitard on the hydrochemical composition of groundwater is discussed, which provides a new perspective for future research on the carbon cycle in nature.

     

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