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Volume 31 Issue 6
Dec 2020
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Sha Wang, Jinhua Zhang, Joseph R Smyth, Junfeng Zhang, Dan Liu, Xi Zhu, Xiang Wang, Yu Ye. Crystal Structure, Thermal Expansivity and High-Temperature Vibrational Spectra on Natural Hydrous Rutile. Journal of Earth Science, 2020, 31(6): 1190-1199. doi: 10.1007/s12583-020-1351-5
Citation: Sha Wang, Jinhua Zhang, Joseph R Smyth, Junfeng Zhang, Dan Liu, Xi Zhu, Xiang Wang, Yu Ye. Crystal Structure, Thermal Expansivity and High-Temperature Vibrational Spectra on Natural Hydrous Rutile. Journal of Earth Science, 2020, 31(6): 1190-1199. doi: 10.1007/s12583-020-1351-5

Crystal Structure, Thermal Expansivity and High-Temperature Vibrational Spectra on Natural Hydrous Rutile

doi: 10.1007/s12583-020-1351-5
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  • Corresponding author: Yu Ye,
  • Received Date: 25 Apr 2020
  • Accepted Date: 24 May 2020
  • Publish Date: 18 Dec 2020
  • A natural rutle sample was measured by in situ high-temperature X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns, as well as Raman and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR). Crystal structure is refined on the sample with 1.4 mol.% Fe and 510±120 ppmw. H2O. The unit-cell and TiO6 octahedral volumes are expanded by 0.7%-0.8% for Fe3+ incorporation, as compared with the reported Ti-pure samples. The volumetric thermal expansion coefficient (α, K-1) could be approximated as a linear function of T (K):4.95(3)×10-9×T+21.54(5)×10-6, with the averaged value α0=30.48(5)×10-6 K-1, in the temperature range of 300-1 500 K. The internal Ti-O stretching (A1g and B2g) and O-Ti-O bending (Eg) modes show 'red shift', whereas the multi-phonon process exhibits 'blue shift' at elevated temperature. The rotational mode (B1g) for TiO6 octahedra is nearly insensitive to temperature variations. The OH-stretching bands at 3 279 and 3 297 cm-1 are measured by high-temperature spectroscopy experiments. Both the IR-active and Raman-active OH-stretching modes shift to lower frequencies at higher temperature, with the signal intensities decreasing. And after quenching, we expect about 43% dehydration around 873 K, and 85% dehydration at 1 273 K for this hydrous sample.


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