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Volume 35 Issue 2
Apr 2024
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Yueshuang Du, Zhiguang Zhou, Guosheng Wang, Chen Wu, Wenchao Xu. Druse Calcite Crystals Formed by Mesoproterozoic Paleo-Earthquake Activity in the Northern Margin of the North China Craton. Journal of Earth Science, 2024, 35(2): 514-524. doi: 10.1007/s12583-021-1416-0
Citation: Yueshuang Du, Zhiguang Zhou, Guosheng Wang, Chen Wu, Wenchao Xu. Druse Calcite Crystals Formed by Mesoproterozoic Paleo-Earthquake Activity in the Northern Margin of the North China Craton. Journal of Earth Science, 2024, 35(2): 514-524. doi: 10.1007/s12583-021-1416-0

Druse Calcite Crystals Formed by Mesoproterozoic Paleo-Earthquake Activity in the Northern Margin of the North China Craton

doi: 10.1007/s12583-021-1416-0
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  • Corresponding author: Zhiguang Zhou,; Guosheng Wang,
  • Received Date: 02 Nov 2020
  • Accepted Date: 22 Jan 2021
  • Available Online: 11 Apr 2024
  • Issue Publish Date: 30 Apr 2024
  • The Meso-neoproterozoic Bayan Obo rift is located along the northern margin of the North China Craton, and was associated with the break-up of the Columbia supercontinent. During rift evolution, syn-sedimentary deformation occurred due to tectonic activity and earthquakes. Seismic events are recorded in the Jianshan Formation of the Bayan Obo Group, Inner Mongolia, as soft sediment deformation structures in the central Bayan Obo rift. Druse calcite crystals and collapse breccias in the Jianshan Formation may provide information on the rift evolution. The druse calcite crystals are idiomorphic-columnar in shape and associated with graphite, pyrite, and quartz. δ13C values of the graphite are -20‰, indicative of biogenic deoxygenation and formation in water. The druse calcite crystals are inorganic in origin and formed in water at a temperature of 55 ℃, based on calcite δ13C and δ18O data. The calcite grew in paleo-caves containing fault breccias, with heat derived from faulting. As such, the druse calcite crystals are important evidence for seismic events. The collapse breccias (i.e., fault breccias) and other indicators of slip show that displacement occurred from NE to SW, which is different from the paleocurrent direction in the Jianshan Formation. The thickness of the collapse breccia is ~200 m, which represents the height of the fault scarp. The strike of the fault scarp was NE-SW, based on the distribution of the collapse breccia. The Bayan Obo and Yanliao rifts experienced rapid NW-SE extension, and developed similar deformation structures at ca. 1.6 Ga related to break-up of the Columbia supercontinent.


  • Electronic Supplementary Material: Supplementary material (Table S1) is available in the online version of this article at
    Conflict of Interest
    The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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