Advanced Search

Indexed by SCI、CA、РЖ、PA、CSA、ZR、etc .

Volume 33 Issue 1
Feb 2022
Turn off MathJax
Article Contents
Yaying Wang, Lingsen Zeng, Kejun Hou, Li'e Gao, Qian Wang, Linghao Zhao, Jiahao Gao, Guangxu Li. Mantle Source Components and Magmatic Evolution for the Comei Large Igneous Province: Evidence from the Early Cretaceous Niangzhong Mafic Magmatism in Tethyan Himalaya. Journal of Earth Science, 2022, 33(1): 133-149. doi: 10.1007/s12583-021-1464-5
Citation: Yaying Wang, Lingsen Zeng, Kejun Hou, Li'e Gao, Qian Wang, Linghao Zhao, Jiahao Gao, Guangxu Li. Mantle Source Components and Magmatic Evolution for the Comei Large Igneous Province: Evidence from the Early Cretaceous Niangzhong Mafic Magmatism in Tethyan Himalaya. Journal of Earth Science, 2022, 33(1): 133-149. doi: 10.1007/s12583-021-1464-5

Mantle Source Components and Magmatic Evolution for the Comei Large Igneous Province: Evidence from the Early Cretaceous Niangzhong Mafic Magmatism in Tethyan Himalaya

doi: 10.1007/s12583-021-1464-5
More Information
  • Corresponding author: Yaying Wang, yywanggeo@163.com
  • Received Date: 27 Dec 2020
  • Accepted Date: 01 Apr 2021
  • Publish Date: 28 Feb 2022
  • The Niangzhong diabase dikes, dated at 138.1±0.4 Ma, are located within the outcrop area of the Comei large igneous province (LIP). These diabase samples can be divided into two groups: samples in Group 1 show varying MgO (1.50 wt.%-10.25 wt.%) and TiO2(0.85 wt.%-4.63 wt.%) contents, and enriched initial isotope compositions (87Sr/86Sr(t)=0.705 6-0.711 2, εNd(t)=-0.3- +3.8), with OIB-like REEs and trace elements patterns, resulting from low degree melting of garnet-bearing lherzolite mantle sources; in contrast, samples in Group 2 show limited MgO (4.14 wt.%-7.75 wt.%) and TiO2(0.98 wt.%-1.69 wt.%) contents, and depleted initial isotope compositions (87Sr/86Sr(t)=0.707 5-0.711 2, εNd(t)=+5.5- +6.2), with N-MORB-like REEs and trace elements patterns, resulting from relatively high degree melting of spinel-bearing lherzolite mantle source. Combined with the published representative data about Comei LIP, we summarize that the source components for Comei LIP products include OIB end-member, enriched OIB end-member, and N-MORB end-member, respectively. Melts modeling suggests that magmas in the Comei LIP evolve in a relatively high oxygen fugacity condition, which influenced their fractionation sequences and led to systematic changes of TiO2 contents, Ti/Y and Ti/Ti* ratios. From the spatial and temporal distribution of above three end-member samples, deep process of Kerguelen plume during the Comei LIP formation can be interpreted as the interaction among the Kerguelen plume, the overlying lithospheric mantle, and the upwelling asthenosphere. The magmatism of Comei LIP began at ~140 Ma and then lasted and peaked at ~132 Ma with the progressively lithospheric thinning of eastern Gondwana upon the impact of Kerguelen plume.

     

  • Electronic Supplementary Materials: Supplementary materials (Tables S1-S4; Figs. S1-S2) are available in the online version of this article at https://doi.org/10.1007/s12583-021-1464-5.
  • loading
  • Aikman, A. B., Harrison, T. M., Lin, D., 2008. Evidence for Early (> 44 Ma) Himalayan Crustal Thickening, Tethyan Himalaya, Southeastern Tibet. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 274(1/2): 14-23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2008.06.038
    Aldanmaz, E., Pearce, J. A., Thirlwall, M. F., et al., 2000. Petrogenetic Evolution of Late Cenozoic, Post-Collision Volcanism in Western Anatolia, Turkey. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 102(1/2): 67-95. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0377-0273(00)00182-7
    Bennett, V. C., Esat, T. M., Norman, M. D., 1996. Two Mantle-Plume Components in Hawaiian Picrites Inferred from Correlated Os-Pb Isotopes. Nature, 381(6579): 221-224. https://doi.org/10.1038/381221a0
    Bhat, M. I., 1984. Abor Volcanics: Further Evidence for the Birth of the Tethys Ocean in the Himalayan Segment. Journal of the Geological Society, 141(4): 763-775. https://doi.org/10.1144/gsjgs.141.4.0763
    Bienvenu, P., Bougault, H., Joron, J. L., et al., 1990. MORB Alteration: Rare-Earth Element/Non-Rare-Earth Hygromagmaphile Element Fractionation. Chemical Geology, 82: 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2541(90)90070-n
    Cai, F. L., Ding, L., Laskowski, A. K., et al., 2016. Late Triassic Paleogeographic Reconstruction along the Neo-Tethyan Ocean Margins, Southern Tibet. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 435: 105-114. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2015.12.027
    Canil, D., 1999. Vanadium Partitioning between Orthopyroxene, Spinel and Silicate Melt and the Redox States of Mantle Source Regions for Primary Magmas. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 63(3/4): 557-572. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0016-7037(98)00287-7
    Chauvet, F., Lapierre, H., Bosch, D., et al., 2008. Geochemistry of the Panjal Traps Basalts (NW Himalaya): Records of the Pangea Permian Break-up. Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, 179(4): 383-395. https://doi.org/10.2113/gssgfbull.179.4.383
    Dai, J. G., Yin, A., Liu, W. C., et al., 2008. Nd Isotopic Compositions of the Tethyan Himalayan Sequence in Southeastern Tibet. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences, 51(9): 1306-1316. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11430-008-0103-7
    Diedesch, T. F., Jessup, M. J., Cottle, J. M., et al., 2016. Tectonic Evolution of the Middle Crust in Southern Tibet from Structural and Kinematic Studies in the Lhagoi Kangri Gneiss Dome. Lithosphere, 8(5): 480-504. https://doi.org/10.1130/l506.1
    Ellam, R. M., Carlson, R. W., Shirey, S. B., 1992. Evidence from Re-Os Isotopes for Plume-Lithosphere Mixing in Karoo Flood Basalt Genesis. Nature, 359(6397): 718-721. https://doi.org/10.1038/359718a0
    Ewart, A., Marsh, J. S., Milner, S. C., et al., 2004. Petrology and Geochemistry of Early Cretaceous Bimodal Continental Flood Volcanism of the NW Etendeka, Namibia. Part 2: Characteristics and Petrogenesis of the High-Ti Latite and High-Ti and Low-Ti Voluminous Quartz Latite Eruptives. Journal of Petrology, 45: 107-138. https://doi.org/10.1093/petrology/egg082
    Frey, F. A., Coffin, M. F., Wallace, P. J., et al., 2000. Origin and Evolution of a Submarine Large Igneous Province: The Kerguelen Plateau and Broken Ridge, Southern Indian Ocean. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 176(1): 73-89. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0012-821x(99)00315-5
    Frey, F. A., McNaughton, N. J., Nelson, D. R., et al., 1996. Petrogenesis of the Bunbury Basalt, Western Australia: Interaction between the Kerguelen Plume and Gondwana Lithosphere?. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 144(1/2): 163-183. https://doi.org/10.1016/0012-821x(96)00150-1
    Frey, F. A., Pringle, M., Meleney, P., et al., 2011. Diverse Mantle Sources for Ninetyeast Ridge Magmatism: Geochemical Constraints from Basaltic Glasses. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 303(3/4): 215-224. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2010.12.051
    Gao, L. E., Zeng, L. S., Hu, G. Y., et al., 2019. Rare Metal Enrichment in Leucogranite within Nariyongcuo Gneiss Dome, South Tibet. Earth Science, 44(6): 1860-1875. https://doi.org/10.3799/dqkx.2018.390(in Chinese with English Abstract)
    Garzanti, E., 1993. Himalayan Ironstones, "Superplumes", and the Breakup of Gondwana. Geology, 21(2): 105-108. https://doi.org/10.1130/0091-7613(1993)0210105:hisatb>2.3.co;2 doi: 10.1130/0091-7613(1993)0210105:hisatb>2.3.co;2
    Garzanti, E., 1999. Stratigraphy and Sedimentary History of the Nepal Tethys Himalaya Passive Margin. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 17(5/6): 805-827. https://doi.org/10.1016/s1367-9120(99)00017-6
    Ghiorso, M. S., Sack, R. O., 1995. Chemical Mass Transfer in Magmatic Processes Ⅳ. A Revised and Internally Consistent Thermodynamic Model for the Interpolation and Extrapolation of Liquid-Solid Equilibria in Magmatic Systems at Elevated Temperatures and Pressures. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 119(2): 197-212. https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00307281
    Gibson, S. A., Thompson, R. N., Dickin, A. P., et al., 1995. High-Ti and Low-Ti Mafic Potassic Magmas: Key to Plume-Lithosphere Interactions and Continental Flood-Basalt Genesis. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 136(3/4): 149-165. https://doi.org/10.1016/0012-821x(95)00179-g
    Gibson, S. A., Thompson, R. N., Dickin, A. P., et al., 1996. Erratum to "High-Ti and Low-Ti Mafic Potassic Magmas: Key to Plume-Lithosphere Interactions and Continental Flood-Basalt Genesis". Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 141(1/2/3/4): 325-341. https://doi.org/10.1016/0012-821x(96)00041-6
    Herzberg, C., Asimow, P. D., 2015. PRIMELT3 MEGA. XLSM Software for Primary Magma Calculation: Peridotite Primary Magma MgO Contents from the Liquidus to the Solidus. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 16(2): 563-578. https://doi.org/10.1002/2014gc005631
    Herzberg, C., Asimow, P. D., Arndt, N., et al., 2007. Temperatures in Ambient Mantle and Plumes: Constraints from Basalts, Picrites, and Komatiites. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 8(2): Q02006. https://doi.org/10.1029/2006gc001390
    Hofmann, A. W., Jochum, K. P., Seufert, M., et al., 1986. Nb and Pb in Oceanic Basalts: New Constraints on Mantle Evolution. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 79(1/2): 33-45. https://doi.org/10.1016/0012-821x(86)90038-5
    Hofmann, A. W., White, W. M., 1982. Mantle Plumes from Ancient Oceanic Crust. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 57(2): 421-436. https://doi.org/10.1016/0012-821x(82)90161-3
    Horan, M. F., Walker, R. J., Fedorenko, V. A., et al., 1995. Osmium and Neodymium Isotopic Constraints on the Temporal and Spatial Evolution of Siberian Flood Basalt Sources. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 59(24): 5159-5168. https://doi.org/10.1016/0016-7037(96)89674-8
    Hou, K. J., Li, Y. H., Zou, T. R., et al., 2007. LA-MC-ICP-MS Technique for Hf Isotope Microanalysis of Zircon and Its Geological Applications Acta Petrologica Sinica, 23(10): 2595-2604. https://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.2007.b0900(in Chinese with English Abstract)
    Ichiyama, Y., Ishiwatari, A., Koizumi, K., 2008. Petrogenesis of Greenstones from the Mino-Tamba Belt, SW Japan: Evidence for an Accreted Permian Oceanic Plateau. Lithos, 100(1/2/3/4): 127-146. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lithos.2007.06.014
    Jackson, M. G., Dasgupta, R., 2008. Compositions of HIMU, EM1, and EM2 from Global Trends between Radiogenic Isotopes and Major Elements in Ocean Island Basalts. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 276(1/2): 175-186. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2008.09.023
    Jackson, M. G., Hart, S. R., 2006. Strontium Isotopes in Melt Inclusions from Samoan Basalts: Implications for Heterogeneity in the Samoan Plume. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 245(1/2): 260-277. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2006.02.040
    Jackson, M. G., Weis, D., Huang, S. C., 2012. Major Element Variations in Hawaiian Shield Lavas: Source Features and Perspectives from Global Ocean Island Basalt (OIB) Systematics. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 13(9): Q09009. https://doi.org/10.1029/2012gc004268
    Jackson, S. E., Pearson, N. J., Griffin, W. L., et al., 2004. The Application of Laser Ablation-Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry to in Situ U-Pb Zircon Geochronology. Chemical Geology, 211(1/2): 47-69. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2004.06.017
    Ji, W. Q., Wu, F. Y., Chung, S. L., et al., 2016. Eocene Neo-Tethyan Slab Breakoff Constrained by 45 Ma Oceanic Island Basalt-Type Magmatism in Southern Tibet. Geology, 44(4): 283-286. https://doi.org/10.1130/g37612.1
    Kent, W., Saunders, A. D., Kempton, P. D., et al., 1997. Rajmahal Basalts, Eastern India: Mantle Sources and Melt Distribution at a Volcanic Rifted Margin. In: Mahoney, J.J., Coffin, M.F., eds., Large Igneous Provinces: Continental, Oceanic, and Planetary Flood Volcanism. American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C. 100: 145-182. https://doi.org/10.1029/gm100p0145
    Klein, E. M., Karsten, J. L., 1995. Ocean-Ridge Basalts with Convergent-Margin Geochemical Affinities from the Chile Ridge. Nature, 374(6517): 52-57. https://doi.org/10.1038/374052a0
    Kogiso, T., Hirose, K., Takahashi, E., 1998. Melting Experiments on Homogeneous Mixtures of Peridotite and Basalt: Application to the Genesis of Ocean Island Basalts. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 162(1/2/3/4): 45-61. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0012-821x(98)00156-3
    Kogiso, T., Hirschmann, M. M., Frost, D. J., 2003. High-Pressure Partial Melting of Garnet Pyroxenite: Possible Mafic Lithologies in the Source of Ocean Island Basalts. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 216(4): 603-617. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0012-821x(03)00538-7
    Kogiso, T., Hirschmann, M. M., Pertermann, M., 2004. High-Pressure Partial Melting of Mafic Lithologies in the Mantle. Journal of Petrology, 45(12): 2407-2422. https://doi.org/10.1093/petrology/egh057
    Lai, S. C., Qin, J. F., Li, Y. F., et al., 2012. Permian High Ti/Y Basalts from the Eastern Part of the Emeishan Large Igneous Province, Southwestern China: Petrogenesis and Tectonic Implications. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 47: 216-230. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2011.07.010
    Lassiter, J. C., Depaolo, D. J., Mahoney, J. J., 1995. Geochemistry of the Wrangellia Flood Basalt Province: Implications for the Role of Continental and Oceanic Lithosphere in Flood Basalt Genesis. Journal of Petrology, 36(4): 983-1009. https://doi.org/10.1093/petrology/36.4.983
    Li, G. W., Liu, X. H., Alex, P., et al., 2010. In-situ Detrital Zircon Geochronology and Hf Isotopic Analyses from Upper Triassic Tethys Sequence Strata. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 297(3/4): 461-470. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2010.06.050
    Liu, G. H., Einsele, G., 1994. Sedimentary History of the Tethyan Basin in the Tibetan Himalayas. Geologische Rundschau, 83: 32-61. https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00211893
    Liu, Y. Q., Ji, Q., Jiang, X. J., et al., 2013. U-Pb Zircon Ages of Early Cretaceous Volcanic Rocks in the Tethyan Himalaya at Yangzuoyong Co Lake, Nagarze, Southern Tibet, and Implications for the Jurassic/Cretaceous Boundary. Cretaceous Research, 40: 90-101. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cretres.2012.05.010
    Liu, Y. S., Gao, S., Hu, Z. C., et al., 2010. Continental and Oceanic Crust Recycling-Induced Melt-Peridotite Interactions in the Trans-North China Orogen: U-Pb Dating, Hf Isotopes and Trace Elements in Zircons from Mantle Xenoliths. Journal of Petrology, 51(1/2): 537-571. https://doi.org/10.1093/petrology/egp082
    Liu, Z., Zhou, Q., Lai, Y., et al., 2015. Petrogenesis of the Early Cretaceous Laguila Bimodal Intrusive Rocks from the Tethyan Himalaya: Implications for the Break-up of Eastern Gondwana. Lithos, 236/237: 190-202. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lithos.2015.09.006
    Ludden, J. N., Thompson, G., 1978. Behaviour of Rare Earth Elements during Submarine Weathering of Tholeiitic Basalt. Nature, 274(5667): 147-149. https://doi.org/10.1038/274147a0
    Ludwig, K.R., 2003. ISOPLOT: A Geochronological Toolkit for Microsoft Excel. Berkeley Geochronology Center Special Publication, Berkeley. 4: 71
    Mallmann, G., O'Neill, H. S. C., 2009. The Crystal/Melt Partitioning of V during Mantle Melting as a Function of Oxygen Fugacity Compared with some other Elements (Al, P, Ca, Sc, Ti, Cr, Fe, Ga, Y, Zr and Nb). Journal of Petrology, 50(9): 1765-1794. https://doi.org/10.1093/petrology/egp053
    Mallmann, G., O'Neill, H. S. C., 2013. Calibration of an Empirical Thermometer and Oxybarometer Based on the Partitioning of Sc, Y and V between Olivine and Silicate Melt. Journal of Petrology, 54(5): 933-949. https://doi.org/10.1093/petrology/egt001
    McCulloch, M. T., Gregory, R. T., Wasserburg, G. J., et al., 1981. Sm-Nd, Rb-Sr, and 18O/16O Isotopic Systematics in an Oceanic Crustal Section: Evidence from the Samail Ophiolite. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 86(B4): 2721-2735. https://doi.org/10.1029/jb086ib04p02721
    McKenzie, D., O'Nions, R. K., 1991. Partial Melt Distributions from Inversion of Rare Earth Element Concentrations. Journal of Petrology, 32(5): 1021-1091. https://doi.org/10.1093/petrology/32.5.1021
    Nasdala, L., Hofmeister, W., Norberg, N., et al., 2008. Zircon M257-A Homogeneous Natural Reference Material for the Ion Microprobe U-Pb Analysis of Zircon. Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research, 32(3): 247-265. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-908x.2008.00914.x
    Neal, C. R., Mahoney, J. J., Chazey, W. J., 2002. Mantle Sources and the Highly Variable Role of Continental Lithosphere in Basalt Petrogenesis of the Kerguelen Plateau and Broken Ridge LIP: Results from ODP Leg 183. Journal of Petrology, 43(7): 1177-1205. https://doi.org/10.1093/petrology/43.7.1177
    Nielsen, R. L., Gallahan, W. E., Newberger, F., 1992. Experimentally Determined Mineral-Melt Partition Coefficients for Sc, Y and REE for Olivine, Orthopyroxene, Pigeonite, Magnetite and Ilmenite. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 110(4): 488-499. https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00344083
    Peate, D. W., Hawkesworth, C. J., Mantovani, M. S. M., 1992. Chemical Stratigraphy of the Paraná Lavas (South America): Classification of Magma Types and Their Spatial Distribution. Bulletin of Volcanology, 55(1/2): 119-139. https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00301125
    Ren, Z. Y., Wu, Y. D., Zhang, L., et al., 2017. Primary Magmas and Mantle Sources of Emeishan Basalts Constrained from Major Element, Trace Element and Pb Isotope Compositions of Olivine-Hosted Melt Inclusions. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 208: 63-85. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2017.01.054
    Rollinson, H. R., 1993. Using Geochemical Data: Evaluation, Presentation, Interpretation. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 108-352. https://doi.org/10.1016/0016-7037(95)90141-8
    Rudnick, R. L., Gao, S., 2003. Composition of the Continental Crust. In: Rudnick, R. L., ed., The Crust. Elsevier, Amsterdam. 1-64
    Shaw, D. M., 1970. Trace Element Fractionation during Anatexis. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 34(2): 237-243. https://doi.org/10.1016/0016-7037(70)90009-8
    Shellnutt, J. G., Jahn, B. M., 2011. Origin of Late Permian Emeishan Basaltic Rocks from the Panxi Region (SW China): Implications for the Ti-Classification and Spatial-Compositional Distribution of the Emeishan Flood Basalts. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 199(1/2): 85-95. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2010.10.009
    Shi, Y. R., Hou, C. Y., Anderson, J. L., et al., 2018. Zircon SHRIMP U-Pb Age of Late Jurassic OIB-Type Volcanic Rocks from the Tethyan Himalaya: Constraints on the Initial Activity Time of the Kerguelen Mantle Plume. Acta Geochimica, 37(3): 441-455. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11631-017-0239-2
    Sláma, J., Košler, J., Condon, D. J., et al., 2008. Plešovice Zircon-A New Natural Reference Material for U-Pb and Hf Isotopic Microanalysis. Chemical Geology, 249(1/2): 1-35. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2007.11.005
    Smith, P. M., Asimow, P. D., 2005. Adiabat_1ph: A New Public Front-End to the MELTS, pMELTS, and pHMELTS Models. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 6(2): Q02004. https://doi.org/10.1029/2004gc000816
    Smith, R. E., Smith, S. E., 1976. Comments on the Use of Ti, Zr, Y, Sr, K, P and Nb in Classification of Basaltic Magmas. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 32(2): 114-120. https://doi.org/10.1016/0012-821x(76)90049-2
    Sobolev, A. V., Hofmann, A. W., Kuzmin, D. V., et al., 2007. The Amount of Recycled Crust in Sources of Mantle-Derived Melts. Science, 316(5823): 412-417. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1138113
    Sobolev, A. V., Hofmann, A. W., Sobolev, S. V., et al., 2005. An Olivine-Free Mantle Source of Hawaiian Shield Basalts. Nature, 434(7033): 590-597. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature03411
    Staudigel, H., Plank, T., White, B., et al., 1996. Geochemical Fluxes during Seafloor Alteration of the Basaltic Upper Oceanic Crust: DSDP Sites 417 and 418. In: Bebout, G. E., Scholl, S. W., et al., eds., Subduction Top to Bottom. American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C. 96: 19-38. https://doi.org/10.1029/gm096p0019
    Sun, S. S., McDonough, W. F., 1989. Chemical and Isotopic Systematics of Oceanic Basalts: Implications for Mantle Composition and Processes. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 42(1): 313-345. https://doi.org/10.1144/gsl.sp.1989.042.01.19
    Tian, Y. H., Gong, J. F., Chen, H. L., et al., 2019. Early Cretaceous Bimodal Magmatism in the Eastern Tethyan Himalayas, Tibet: Indicative of Records on Precursory Continental Rifting and Initial Breakup of Eastern Gondwana. Lithos, 324/325: 699-715. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lithos.2018.12.001
    Toplis, M. J., Corgne, A., 2002. An Experimental Study of Element Partitioning between Magnetite, Clinopyroxene and Iron-Bearing Silicate Liquids with Particular Emphasis on Vanadium. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 144(1): 22-37. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00410-002-0382-5
    Vannay, J. C., Spring, L., 1993. Geochemistry of the Continental Basalts within the Tethyan Himalaya of Lahul-Spiti and SE Zanskar, Northwest India. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 74(1): 237-249. https://doi.org/10.1144/gsl.sp.1993.074.01.17
    Walker, R. J., Morgan, J. W., Horan, M. F., 1995. Osmium-187 Enrichment in Some Plumes: Evidence for Core-Mantle Interaction?. Science, 269(5225): 819-822. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.269.5225.819
    Walker, R. J., Prichard, H. M., Ishiwatari, A., et al., 2002. The Osmium Isotopic Composition of Convecting Upper Mantle Deduced from Ophiolite Chromites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 66(2): 329-345. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0016-7037(01)00767-0
    Walker, R. J., Storey, M., Kerr, A. C., et al., 1999. Implications of 187Os Isotopic Heterogeneities in a Mantle Plume: Evidence from Gorgona Island and Curaçao. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 63(5): 713-728. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0016-7037(99)00041-1
    Walter, M. J., 1998. Melting of Garnet Peridotite and the Origin of Komatiite and Depleted Lithosphere. Journal of Petrology, 39(1): 29-60. https://doi.org/10.1093/petroj/39.1.29
    Wang, C. Y., Zhou, M. F., Qi, L., 2007. Permian Flood Basalts and Mafic Intrusions in the Jinping (SW China)-Song Da (Northern Vietnam) District: Mantle Sources, Crustal Contamination and Sulfide Segregation. Chemical Geology, 243(3/4): 317-343. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2007.05.017
    Wang, Y. Y., Gao, L. E., Chen, F. K., et al., 2016. Multiple Phases of Cretaceous Mafic Magmatism in the Gyangze-Kangma Area, Tethyan Himalaya, Southern Tibet. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 32: 3572-3596 (in Chinese with English Abstract)
    Wang, Y. Y., Zeng, L. S., Asimow, P. D., et al., 2018. Early Cretaceous High-Ti and Low-Ti Mafic Magmatism in Southeastern Tibet: Insights into Magmatic Evolution of the Comei Large Igneous Province. Lithos, 296/297/298/299: 396-411. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lithos.2017.11.014
    White, W. M., 2015. Isotopes, DUPAL, LLSVPs, and Anekantavada. Chemical Geology, 419: 10-28. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2015.09.026
    Williams, H., Turner, S., Kelley, S., et al., 2001. Age and Composition of Dikes in Southern Tibet: New Constraints on the Timing of East-West Extension and Its Relationship to Postcollisional Volcanism. Geology, 29(4): 339-342. https://doi.org/10.1130/0091-7613(2001)0290339:aacodi>2.0.co;2 doi: 10.1130/0091-7613(2001)0290339:aacodi>2.0.co;2
    Xia, Y., Zhu, D. C., Wang, Q., et al., 2014. Picritic Porphyrites and Associated Basalts from the Remnant Comei Large Igneous Province in SE Tibet: Records of Mantle-Plume Activity. Terra Nova, 26(6): 487-494. https://doi.org/10.1111/ter.12124
    Xiao, L., Xu, Y. G., Mei, H. J., et al., 2004. Distinct Mantle Sources of Low-Ti and High-Ti Basalts from the Western Emeishan Large Igneous Province, SW China: Implications for Plume-Lithosphere Interaction. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 228(3/4): 525-546. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2004.10.002
    Xu, Y. G., Chung, S. L., Jahn, B. M., et al., 2001. Petrologic and Geochemical Constraints on the Petrogenesis of Permian-Triassic Emeishan Flood Basalts in Southwestern China. Lithos, 58(3/4): 145-168. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0024-4937(01)00055-x
    Xu, Y. G., He, B., Chung, S. L., et al., 2004. Geologic, Geochemical, and Geophysical Consequences of Plume Involvement in the Emeishan Flood-Basalt Province. Geology, 32(10): 917-920. https://doi.org/10.1130/g20602.1
    Zeng, L. S., Gao, L. E., He, K. J., et al., 2012a. Multiple Mafic Magmatic Events along the Tethyan Himalaya: Tracing the Life-Time of the Neo-Tethyan Ocean. Acta Geoscientica Sinica, 33: 72-73 (in Chinese with English Abstract)
    Zeng, L. S., Gao, L. E., Hou, K. J., et al., 2012b. Late Permian Mafic Magmatism along the Tethyan Himalaya Belt, Southern Tibet and Tectonic Implications. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 28: 1731-1740 (in Chinese with English Abstract)
    Zeng, L. S., Gao, L. E., Shang, Z., et al., 2015a. The Metamorphism in Mafic Dike Swarms from Eocene to Oligocene within the Tethyan Himalaya, Southern Tibet. Acta Geologica Sinica, 89: 309-312 (in Chinese with English Abstract) doi: 10.1111/1755-6724.12417
    Zeng, L. S., Gao, L. E., Tang, S. H., et al., 2015b. Eocene Magmatism in the Tethyan Himalaya, Southern Tibet. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 412(1): 287-316. https://doi.org/10.1144/sp412.8
    Zeng, L. S., Wang, Y. H., Gao, L. E., et al., 2016. Elusive Cenozoic Metamorphism in Mafic Dike Swarms within the Tethyan Himalaya, Southern Tibet. Acta Geologica Sinica, 90: 86-97 (in Chinese with English Abstract) doi: 10.1111/1755-6724.12903
    Zhou, Q., Liu, Z., Lai, Y., et al., 2018. Petrogenesis of Mafic and Felsic Rocks from the Comei Large Igneous Province, South Tibet: Implications for the Initial Activity of the Kerguelen Plume. GSA Bulletin, 130(5/6): 811-824. https://doi.org/10.1130/b31653.1
    Zhu, D. C., Chung, S. L., Mo, X. X., et al., 2009. The 132 Ma Comei-Bunbury Large Igneous Province: Remnants Identified in Present-Day Southeastern Tibet and Southwestern Australia. Geology, 37(7): 583-586. https://doi.org/10.1130/g30001a.1
    Zhu, D. C., Mo, X. X., Pan, G. T., et al., 2008. Petrogenesis of the Earliest Early Cretaceous Mafic Rocks from the Cona Area of the Eastern Tethyan Himalaya in South Tibet: Interaction between the Incubating Kerguelen Plume and the Eastern Greater India Lithosphere? Lithos, 100(1/2/3/4): 147-173. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lithos.2007.06.024
    Zhu, D. C., Pan, G. T., Mo, X. X., et al., 2007. Petrogenesis of Volcanic Rocks in the Sangxiu Formation, Central Segment of Tethyan Himalaya: A Probable Example of Plume-Lithosphere Interaction. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 29(2/3): 320-335. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2005.12.004
  • 加载中

Catalog

    通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索

    Figures(11)

    Article Metrics

    Article views(159) PDF downloads(57) Cited by()
    Proportional views
    Related

    /

    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint
    Return
    Return