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Volume 34 Issue 4
Aug 2023
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Shiju Liu, Gang Gao, Wenzhe Gang, Baoli Xiang, Ming Wang, Chengyun Wang. Comparison of Formation Conditions of Source Rocks of Fengcheng and Lucaogou Formations in the Junggar Basin, NW China: Implications for Organic Matter Enrichment and Hydrocarbon Potential. Journal of Earth Science, 2023, 34(4): 1026-1040. doi: 10.1007/s12583-021-1566-0
Citation: Shiju Liu, Gang Gao, Wenzhe Gang, Baoli Xiang, Ming Wang, Chengyun Wang. Comparison of Formation Conditions of Source Rocks of Fengcheng and Lucaogou Formations in the Junggar Basin, NW China: Implications for Organic Matter Enrichment and Hydrocarbon Potential. Journal of Earth Science, 2023, 34(4): 1026-1040. doi: 10.1007/s12583-021-1566-0

Comparison of Formation Conditions of Source Rocks of Fengcheng and Lucaogou Formations in the Junggar Basin, NW China: Implications for Organic Matter Enrichment and Hydrocarbon Potential

doi: 10.1007/s12583-021-1566-0
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  • Corresponding author: Gang Gao,
  • Received Date: 30 Apr 2021
  • Accepted Date: 09 Jul 2021
  • Available Online: 01 Aug 2023
  • Issue Publish Date: 30 Aug 2023
  • Shales in the Carboniferous–Permian Fengcheng (FC) and Lucaogou (LCG) formations in Junggar Basin are important organic rich rocks containing significant oil resources. To evaluate the difference in sedimentary environment conditions and hydrocarbon-generating potential between the FC and LCG formations. Total organic carbon (TOC), Rock-Eval pyrolysis, solvent extraction, column fractionation, stable carbon isotope, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) of saturated hydrocarbons and organic petrology from the source rocks of FC and LCG formations. were analyzed. The biomarker composition indicates that during the deposition of FC, LCG-1 to LCG-2, the sedimentary environment for the source rock formations changed with gradual decrease of salinity, from anoxic to dyoxic/suboxic in redox conditions, and from strong stratification to weakened stratification of water. The FC Formation source rock, with main telalginite (planktonic green algae), archaebacteria and minor terrestrial organic matter, deposited in the environment characterized by high salinity and strongly reducing condition. Its TOC content is relatively low with a high original hydrocarbon-generating potential of unit organic material. The LCG Formation source rock deposited in the environment with low salinity and large variations, the organic matter is mainly sourced from telalginite (planktonic green algae), lamalginite, bacteria and higher plants, resulting in strong heterogeneity of the source rock. The abundance of TOC is high, but the original hydrocarbon generation potential of unit organic matter is lower than that of FC Formation. The results provide a geochemical basis for further study of saline-brackish water sedimentary environment shales in the Junggar Basin.


  • Electronic Supplementary Materials: Supplementary materials (Tables S1–S2) are available in the online version of this article at
    Conflict of Interest
    The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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