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Volume 35 Issue 3
Jun 2024
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Chaoqun Wang, Liyun Jia, Daogong Hu, Shibiao Bai, Zhengwang Hu, Dongxia Sun, Xiaoxiao Yang, Lei Zhang, Xiumin Ma. Seismogenic Structure of the 1605 Qiongshan M7$ \mathrm{½} $ Earthquake and Its Holocene Activity History in Northern Hainan Island, China: Evidence from Cross-Section Drilling and Shallow Seismic Profile. Journal of Earth Science, 2024, 35(3): 905-917. doi: 10.1007/s12583-021-1585-x
Citation: Chaoqun Wang, Liyun Jia, Daogong Hu, Shibiao Bai, Zhengwang Hu, Dongxia Sun, Xiaoxiao Yang, Lei Zhang, Xiumin Ma. Seismogenic Structure of the 1605 Qiongshan M7$ \mathrm{½} $ Earthquake and Its Holocene Activity History in Northern Hainan Island, China: Evidence from Cross-Section Drilling and Shallow Seismic Profile. Journal of Earth Science, 2024, 35(3): 905-917. doi: 10.1007/s12583-021-1585-x

Seismogenic Structure of the 1605 Qiongshan M7$ \mathrm{½} $ Earthquake and Its Holocene Activity History in Northern Hainan Island, China: Evidence from Cross-Section Drilling and Shallow Seismic Profile

doi: 10.1007/s12583-021-1585-x
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  • Corresponding author: Liyun Jia, 158943653@qq.com
  • Received Date: 05 Aug 2021
  • Accepted Date: 17 Nov 2021
  • Issue Publish Date: 30 Jun 2024
  • The 1605 M7$ \mathrm{½} $ Earthquake is the only earthquake in the history of China that has caused large-scale land subsidence into the sea, with the total area of land subsidence exceeding 100 km2. The disaster has led to the sinking of 72 villages. There is still no clear understanding of the source seismogenic fault of this earthquake. In this work, we conducted a detailed study of the middle segment of the Maniao-Puqian fault (MPF), which is the epicenter area, through geomorphological survey, data collection, shallow seismic exploration, cross-section drilling, and chronological dating. The results showed that the middle segment of the MPF zone is composed of three nearly parallel normal faults with a dextral strike-slip: "Macun-Luodou fault (F2-1), Haixiu-Dongyuan fault (F2-2), and Changliu-Zhuxihe fault (F2-3)". And F2-2 is composed of two secondary faults, namely F2-2′ and F2-2″, with a flower-shaped structure buried under the ground. It is distributed nearly east-west, dipping to the north and has experienced at least five stages of activities since the Miocene. The vertical activity rates of F2-2′ and F2-2″ are ~2.32 and ~2.5 mm/a, since the Holocene, respectively. There were eight cycles of transgression and regression since the Miocene. The fault activity resulted in the thickening of the Holocene strata with a slight dip to the south, on the hanging wall, showing V-shaped characteristics. The MPF is likely the source seismogenic fault of the M7$ \mathrm{½} $ earthquake that hit Qiongshan in 1605.

     

  • Conflict of Interest
    The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
    # These authors contributed equally to this article
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