Advanced Search

Indexed by SCI、CA、РЖ、PA、CSA、ZR、etc .

Volume 34 Issue 6
Dec 2023
Turn off MathJax
Article Contents
Jingjing Lin, Rui Ma, Ziyong Sun, Liansong Tang. Assessing the Connectivity of a Regional Fractured Aquifer Based on a Hydraulic Conductivity Field Reversed by Multi-Well Pumping Tests and Numerical Groundwater Flow Modeling. Journal of Earth Science, 2023, 34(6): 1926-1939. doi: 10.1007/s12583-022-1674-5
Citation: Jingjing Lin, Rui Ma, Ziyong Sun, Liansong Tang. Assessing the Connectivity of a Regional Fractured Aquifer Based on a Hydraulic Conductivity Field Reversed by Multi-Well Pumping Tests and Numerical Groundwater Flow Modeling. Journal of Earth Science, 2023, 34(6): 1926-1939. doi: 10.1007/s12583-022-1674-5

Assessing the Connectivity of a Regional Fractured Aquifer Based on a Hydraulic Conductivity Field Reversed by Multi-Well Pumping Tests and Numerical Groundwater Flow Modeling

doi: 10.1007/s12583-022-1674-5
More Information
  • Corresponding author: Rui Ma,
  • Received Date: 27 Dec 2021
  • Accepted Date: 19 Apr 2022
  • Issue Publish Date: 30 Dec 2023
  • Aquifer connectivity could greatly affect groundwater flow and further control the contaminant transport in fractured medium. However, assessing connectivity of fractured aquifer at regional scales is still a challenge because such connectivity is difficult to be measured directly. This study proposes a framework for assessing connectivity of a fractured aquifer, with Qitaihe area, Heilongjiang Province, northeastern China as an illustrating study area. The 3-D finite difference numerical models were established to interpret the results of three multi-well pumping tests and inversely estimate the distribution of hydraulic conductivity (K) in the fractured aquifer. A static connectivity metric of the minimum hydraulic resistance (MHR) was calculated, based on the optimized K-field, to evaluate the hydraulic connectivity in the aquifer, and the corresponding least resistance paths (LRPs) were identified. The results indicate a better horizontal connectivity in the fractured aquifer in the northeastern and middle parts than in the southwestern part of the study area. The identified LRP indicated that the preferential flow channels at regional scales were controlled mainly by aquifer connectivity instead of local high-K zones. The results of this study can provide a method for aquifer connectivity estimation at regional scales.


  • Conflict of Interest
    The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
  • loading
  • Abusaada, M., Sauter, M., 2013. Studying the Flow Dynamics of a Karst Aq-uifer System with an Equivalent Porous Medium Model. Groundwater, 51(4): 641–650.
    Berkowitz, B., Bear, J., Braester, C., 1988. Continuum Models for Conta-minant Transport in Fractured Porous Formations. Water Resources Research, 24(8): 1225–1236.
    Bianchi, M., Pedretti, D., 2017. Geological Entropy and Solute Transport in Heterogeneous Porous Media. Water Resources Research, 53(6): 4691–4708.
    Bianchi, M., Pedretti, D., 2018. An Entrogram-Based Approach to Describe Spatial Heterogeneity with Applications to Solute Transport in Porous Media. Water Resources Research, 54(7): 4432–4448.
    Dijkstra, E. W., 1959. A Note on Two Problems in Connexion with Graphs. Numerische Mathematik, 1(1): 269–271.
    Fischer, P., Jardani, A., Jourde, H., et al., 2018. Harmonic Pumping Tomography Applied to Image the Hydraulic Properties and Interpret the Connectivity of a Karstic and Fractured Aquifer (Lez Aquifer, France). Advances in Water Resources, 119: 227–244.
    Fogg, G. E., 1986. Groundwater Flow and Sand Body Interconnectedness in a Thick, Multiple-Aquifer System. Water Resources Research, 22(5): 679–694.
    Freixas, G., Fernàndez-Garcia, D., Sanchez-Vila, X., 2017. Stochastic Estimation of Hydraulic Transmissivity Fields Using Flow Connectivity Indicator Data. Water Resources Research, 53(1): 602–618.
    Gellasch, C. A., Bradbury, K. R., Hart, D. J., et al., 2013. Characterization of Fracture Connectivity in a Siliciclastic Bedrock Aquifer near a Public Supply Well (Wisconsin, USA). Hydrogeology Journal, 21(2): 383–399.
    Gellasch, C. A., Wang, H. F., Bradbury, K. R., et al., 2014. Reverse Water-Level Fluctuations Associated with Fracture Connectivity. Ground-water, 52(1): 105–117.
    Guihéneuf, N., Boisson, A., Bour, O., et al., 2014. Groundwater Flows in Weathered Crystalline Rocks: Impact of Piezometric Variations and Depth-Dependent Fracture Connectivity. Journal of Hydrology, 511: 320–334.
    Guiltinan, E., Becker, M. W., 2015. Measuring Well Hydraulic Connectivity in Fractured Bedrock Using Periodic Slug Tests. Journal of Hydrology, 521: 100–107.
    Hanor, J. S., 1993. Effective Hydraulic Conductivity of Fractured Clay Beds at a Hazardous Waste Landfill, Louisiana Gulf Coast. Water Resources Research, 29(11): 3691–3698.
    Harbaugh, A. W., 2005. MODFLOW-2005, the U. S. Geological Survey Modular Ground-Water Model—The Ground-Water Flow Process, Techniques and Methods 6-A16. U. S. Geological Survey.
    Ishii, E., 2018. Assessment of Hydraulic Connectivity of Fractures in Mudstones by Single-Borehole Investigations. Water Resources Research, 54(5): 3335–3356.
    Jarrahi, M., Moore, K. R., Holländer, H. M., 2019. Comparison of Solute/Heat Transport in Fractured Formations Using Discrete Fracture and Equivalent Porous Media Modeling at the Reservoir Scale. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C, 113: 14–21.
    Khoei, A. R., Hosseini, N., Mohammadnejad, T., 2016. Numerical Modeling of Two-Phase Fluid Flow in Deformable Fractured Porous Media Using the Extended Finite Element Method and an Equivalent Continuum Model. Advances in Water Resources, 94: 510–528.
    Knudby, C., Carrera, J., 2005. On the Relationship between Indicators of Geostatistical, Flow and Transport Connectivity. Advances in Water Resources, 28(4): 405–421.
    Le Goc, R., de Dreuzy, J. R., Davy, P., 2010. Statistical Characteristics of Flow as Indicators of Channeling in Heterogeneous Porous and Fractured Media. Advances in Water Resources, 33(3): 257–269.
    Lemieux, J. M., Kirkwood, D., Therrien, R., 2009. Fracture Network Analysis of the St-Eustache Quarry, Quebec, Canada, for Groundwater Resources Management. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 46(7): 828–841.
    Miotliński, K., Dillon, P. J., Pavelic, P., et al., 2011. Recovery of Injected Freshwater to Differentiate Fracture Flow in a Low-Permeability Brackish Aquifer. Journal of Hydrology, 409(1/2): 273–282.
    Pedretti, D., Fernàndez-Garcia, D., Bolster, D., et al., 2013. On the Formation of Breakthrough Curves Tailing during Convergent Flow Tracer Tests in Three-Dimensional Heterogeneous Aquifers. Water Resources Research, 49(7): 4157–4173.
    Persaud, E., Levison, J., Pehme, P., et al., 2018. Cross-Hole Fracture Connectivity Assessed Using Hydraulic Responses during Liner Installations in Crystalline Bedrock Boreholes. Journal of Hydrology, 556: 233–246.
    Pool, M., Dentz, M., 2018. Effects of Heterogeneity, Connectivity, and Density Variations on Mixing and Chemical Reactions under Temporally Fluctuating Flow Conditions and the Formation of Reaction Patterns. Water Resources Research, 54(1): 186–204.
    Qi, F., 2015. Hydrogeology of Groundwater Storage in Near-Reservoir Bedrock Fissure Zones: [Dissertation]. China University of Geosciences, Wuhan (in Chinese with English Abstract)
    Qian, J. Z., Zhan, H. B., Wu, J. F., et al., 2009. What can be Learned from Sequential Multi-Well Pumping Tests in Fracture-Karst Media? A Case Study in Zhangji, China. Hydrogeology Journal, 17(7): 1749–1760.
    Qian, J. Z., Zhou, X. P., Zhan, H. B., et al., 2014. Numerical Simulation and Evaluation of Groundwater Resources in a Fractured Chalk Aquifer: A Case Study in Zinder Well Field, Niger. Environmental Earth Sciences, 72(8): 3053–3065.
    Renard, P., Allard, D., 2013. Connectivity Metrics for Subsurface Flow and Transport. Advances in Water Resources, 51: 168–196.
    Rizzo, C. B., de Barros, F. P. J., 2017. Minimum Hydraulic Resistance and Least Resistance Path in Heterogeneous Porous Media. Water Resources Research, 53(10): 8596–8613.
    Rizzo, C. B., de Barros, F. P. J., 2019. Minimum Hydraulic Resistance Uncertainty and the Development of a Connectivity-Based Iterative Sampling Strategy. Water Resources Research, 55(7): 5593–5611.
    Russo, D., 2015. On the Effect of Connectivity on Solute Transport in Spatially Heterogeneous Combined Unsaturated-Saturated Flow Systems. Water Resources Research, 51(5): 3525–3542.
    Tyukhova, A. R., Kinzelbach, W., Willmann, M., 2015. Delineation of Connectivity Structures in 2-D Heterogeneous Hydraulic Conductivity Fields. Water Resources Research, 51(7): 5846–5854.
    Tyukhova, A. R., Willmann, M., 2016. Connectivity Metrics Based on the Path of Smallest Resistance. Advances in Water Resources, 88: 14–20.
    White, W. B., 2006. Fifty Years of Karst Hydrology and Hydrogeology: 1953–2003. Special Paper of the Geological Society of America, 404(1): 139–152
    White, W. B., 2011. A Brief History of Karst Hydrogeology: Contributions of the NSS. Journal of Cave & Karst Studies, 69(1): 13–26
    Zhang, K., Zhang, X. M., Zhang, L. M., et al., 2017. Inversion of Fractures Based on Equivalent Continuous Medium Model of Fractured Reservoirs. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, 151: 496–506.
  • 加载中


    通讯作者: 陈斌,
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索

    Figures(6)  / Tables(2)

    Article Metrics

    Article views(163) PDF downloads(115) Cited by()
    Proportional views


    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint