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Volume 34 Issue 4
Aug 2023
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Article Contents
Xinge Liang, Chunqiao Song, Kai Liu, Tan Chen, Chenyu Fan. Reconstructing Centennial-Scale Water Level of Large Pan-Arctic Lakes Using Machine Learning Methods. Journal of Earth Science, 2023, 34(4): 1218-1230. doi: 10.1007/s12583-022-1739-5
Citation: Xinge Liang, Chunqiao Song, Kai Liu, Tan Chen, Chenyu Fan. Reconstructing Centennial-Scale Water Level of Large Pan-Arctic Lakes Using Machine Learning Methods. Journal of Earth Science, 2023, 34(4): 1218-1230. doi: 10.1007/s12583-022-1739-5

Reconstructing Centennial-Scale Water Level of Large Pan-Arctic Lakes Using Machine Learning Methods

doi: 10.1007/s12583-022-1739-5
More Information
  • Corresponding author: Chunqiao Song,
  • Received Date: 03 May 2022
  • Accepted Date: 01 Sep 2022
  • Available Online: 01 Aug 2023
  • Issue Publish Date: 30 Aug 2023
  • The pan-Arctic region has the largest number of lakes in the world, which is rather sensitive to changing climate. It is urgently needed to understand how these lakes were changing in the long term. However, there are few lakes with long-term historical monitoring of water level, understanding the hydrologic changes of pan-Arctic lakes over the past century requires the data reconstruction by state-of-art techniques. This study used machine learning algorithms to reconstruct the water level of pan-Arctic lakes on a centennial scale. It further investigated their relationship with long-term hydrological and climatic variables. Comparison of the reconstructed results by four different machine learning models shows that the extreme gradient boosting tree (XGBoost) is better than other three models. Overall, the centennial-scale reconstruction using the XGBoost model performs best for most study lakes. Based on the reconstructed results, we can observe that water level changes of several North American lakes are correlated with potential evapotranspiration, followed by precipitation, while the Eurasian lakes are more strongly associated with temperature and wet day frequency. The water level dynamics of pan-Arctic lakes could be largely attributed to Arctic Oscillation and Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation. This study is expected to advance our understanding of the pan-Arctic lake water level changes in the past century and to provide a feasible method for reconstructing the regional lake water level in the long term.


  • Conflict of Interest
    The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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