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Volume 34 Issue 4
Aug 2023
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Jibin Han, Hongchen Jiang, Jiubo Liu, Jianxin Xu, Wenhua Han, Haiyun Zhang. Source Analysis of Lithium Deposit in Dong-Xi-Taijinaier Salt Lake of Qaidam Basin, Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Journal of Earth Science, 2023, 34(4): 1083-1094. doi: 10.1007/s12583-022-1802-2
Citation: Jibin Han, Hongchen Jiang, Jiubo Liu, Jianxin Xu, Wenhua Han, Haiyun Zhang. Source Analysis of Lithium Deposit in Dong-Xi-Taijinaier Salt Lake of Qaidam Basin, Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Journal of Earth Science, 2023, 34(4): 1083-1094. doi: 10.1007/s12583-022-1802-2

Source Analysis of Lithium Deposit in Dong-Xi-Taijinaier Salt Lake of Qaidam Basin, Qinghai-Tibet Plateau

doi: 10.1007/s12583-022-1802-2
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  • Corresponding author: Jibin Han,; Hongchen Jiang,
  • Received Date: 12 Apr 2022
  • Accepted Date: 28 Oct 2022
  • Available Online: 01 Aug 2023
  • Issue Publish Date: 30 Aug 2023
  • The Dong-Xi-Taijinaier Salt Lake (DXTSL) of Qaidam Basin is known as one of rich lithium reserves in China. However, the source of lithium deposits in this region remains unclear. The hydrochemistry and lithium isotopes (δ7Li) of water and solid samples along the Nalenggele River catchment were studied in combination with rock leaching experiments. The results showed the hot springs in the upstream contained high content of lithium and ratio of Li × 1 000/total dissolved solids (1.5–3.5), but the lower δ7Li values (4.33‰–11.59‰), meaning that it is one important lithium sources. The leaching experiments by the rich-lithium volcanic rocks (average content of 474.7 mg/kg) showed that under temperature of 20–80 ℃ and long time duration (24–96 h), the concentration of lithium released by leaching of the sampled volcanic rocks increased from 0.58 to 1.49 mg/L, with the leaching rate decreasing from 0.024 to 0.015 mg/(L·h) and the corresponding lithium release rate increasing from 29% to 74%. Calculation based on water-salt balance showed that the total amount of lithium contribution from hydrothermal fluids and volcanic rock weathering is about 4.99 and 0.29 Mt since 13.1 ka, respectively. Therefore, hot springs and leaching of volcanic rocks are main contributors to lithium deposit in DXTSL.


  • Electronic Supplementary Materials: Supplementary materials (Figs. S1–S2, Table S1–S2) are available in the online version of this article at
    Conflict of Interest
    The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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