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Volume 33 Issue 5
Oct 2022
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Yuanyang Yu, Keqing Zong, Yu Yuan, Reiner Klemd, Xin-Shui Wang, Jingliang Guo, Rong Xu, Zhaochu Hu, Yongsheng Liu. Crustal Contamination of the Mantle-Derived Liuyuan Basalts: Implications for the Permian Evolution of the Southern Central Asian Orogenic Belt. Journal of Earth Science, 2022, 33(5): 1081-1094. doi: 10.1007/s12583-022-1706-1
Citation: Yuanyang Yu, Keqing Zong, Yu Yuan, Reiner Klemd, Xin-Shui Wang, Jingliang Guo, Rong Xu, Zhaochu Hu, Yongsheng Liu. Crustal Contamination of the Mantle-Derived Liuyuan Basalts: Implications for the Permian Evolution of the Southern Central Asian Orogenic Belt. Journal of Earth Science, 2022, 33(5): 1081-1094. doi: 10.1007/s12583-022-1706-1

Crustal Contamination of the Mantle-Derived Liuyuan Basalts: Implications for the Permian Evolution of the Southern Central Asian Orogenic Belt

doi: 10.1007/s12583-022-1706-1
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  • Corresponding author: Keqing Zong, kqzong@hotmail.com
  • Received Date: 09 Apr 2022
  • Accepted Date: 23 Jun 2022
  • Available Online: 19 Oct 2022
  • Issue Publish Date: 30 Oct 2022
  • The Permian basalts in the Central Asian Orogenic Belt (CAOB) are crucial for constraining the closure of the Paleo-Asian Ocean. However, the origin of these basalts is still under discussion. Here, we present comprehensive bulk-rock geochemical, Sr-Nd-Pb-Hf isotopic, and zircon U-Pb-Lu-Hf isotopic data of the Liuyuan basalts and coexisting gabbros, which are located in the Beishan Orogen in the southern CAOB, to constrain their emplacement setting and tectonic implications. Our new gabbro ages of ca. 288–294 Ma are interpreted to represent the formation time of the Liuyuan basaltic belt. The Liuyuan basalts show MORB-like rare earth element (REE) patterns and bulk-rock εHf(t) and εNd(t) values of 11.0–15.4 and 4.6–9.2, respectively, suggesting an origination mainly from a depleted mantle source. However, positive Pb anomalies, Nb-Ta depletions, and high Th/Yb ratios as well as evolved Sr-Nd-Pb-Hf isotopic compositions of some samples indicate variable continental crustal contribution. According to the covariation of Pb anomalies (Pb*=2×PbN/(CeN+PrN)) with Sr-Nd-Pb-Hf isotopic compositions, we speculate that parent magma of the Liuyuan basalt was contaminated by continental crustal materials during the eruption rather than having been generated from an enriched mantle source. As revealed by mixing modelling, the Liuyuan basaltic magmas would require a minor (< 10%) upper continental crustal assimilation to explain the enriched trace elemental and radiogenic Sr-Nd-Pb-Hf isotopic signatures. Consequently, the Liuyuan basaltic belt is believed to have been generated in a continental extensional environment instead of an oceanic setting and does not constitute a Permian ophiolitic suture zone as previously suggested, since the Paleo-Asian Ocean was already closed in the southern Beishan Orogen in the Early Permian.

     

  • Electronic Supplementary Materials: Supplementary materials (Fig. S1, Tables S1–S7) are available in the online version of this article at https://doi.org/10.1007/s12583-022-1706-1.
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